英语新闻常用词汇1

发布于:2021-05-12 22:45:36

爱尔兰共和军 Irish Republic Army (IRA) 爱国民主人士 patriotic democratic personages 爱国统一战线 patriotic united front 爱丽舍宫 Elysée Palace 爱鸟周 Bird-Loving Week 爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog. 爱心工程 Loving Care Project 安第斯集团峰会(拉美国家) Andean Summit 安居工程 Comfortable Housing Project 安乐死 euthanasia 安理会 Security Council 安全岛 safety strip 安全第一,预防为主 Safety first, precaution crucial. 按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost 按揭贷款 mortgage loan 按揭购房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house 按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance 按照冷静观察、沉着应付的方针和相互尊重、求同存异的精神处理国际事务 in handling international affairs, we should observe and cope with the situation cool-headedly 按照优势互补、互惠互利、共同发展的原则 按资排辈 to assign priority according to seniority 暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly 暗箱操作 black case work 奥林匹克精神 the Olympic ideals; the Olympic spirit 奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult 奥委会 Olympic Committee 澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul 巴解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization 巴勒斯坦民族解放运动,简称 FATEH 巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse 拔河(游戏) tug-of-war 拔尖创新人才 Top-notch innovative personnel 把关 guard a pass 把握大局 grasp the overall situation 霸权主义 hegemonism 白金汉宫 Buckingham Palace 白领犯罪 white-collar crime 白领工人 white-collar worker 白马王子 Prince Charming 白皮书 white paper 白色农业 white agriculture 白色污染 white pollution 白色行情表 white sheet 百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle

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百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing. 摆花架子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance 摆架子 put on airs 摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances 摆脱贫困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty 拜把兄弟 sworn brothers 拜金主义 money worship 拜年 pay New Year call 包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression) 包干到户 work contracted to households 包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash 包工包料 contract for labor and materials 包机 to charter a plane; a chartered plane 包销人 underwriter 保持党同人民群众的血肉联系,保持党的先进性、纯洁性和团结统一 The Party must keep its flesh-and-blood ties with the people as well as its progressiveness, purity, solidarity and unity. 保持国民经济持续、快速、健康发展 Maintain a sustained, rapid and sound development of the national economy 保持国有股 keep the State-held shares 保护关税 protective duty/tariff 保护价格 protective price 保护伞 protective umbrella 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment 保护主义 protectionism 保健按摩 therapeutic massage 保龄球 bowling 保释 on bail 保税仓库 bonded warehouse 保税区 tax-protected zone 保障措施 supporting measures 保证金帐户 margin account 保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate 保质期 guarantee period 报价单 quotation of prices 报销 apply for reimbursement 爆冷门 produce an unexpected winner;a dark horse bobbing up 博士后流动站 Mobile post-doctoral stations 补缺选举 by-election 不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. " 不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. 不断提高全民族的思想道德素质和科学文化素质 we should unceasingly upgrade the ideological and ethical standards as well as the scientific and cultural qualities

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of the entire people. 不断*砺鄞葱 constantly bring forth theoretical innovation 不断增强中华民族的凝聚力 increase the cohesion of the Chinese nation. 不分上下的总统选举结果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result 不感冒 have no interest 不管部部长 minister without portfolio 不怀恶意的谎言 white lie 不记名投票 secret ballot 不结盟运动 non-aligned movement 不可抗力 force majeure 不可再生资源 non-renewable resources 不良贷款 non-performing loan 不良资产 non-performing loans 不买帐 not take it; not go for it 不眠之夜 white night 不明飞行物 unidentified flying object (UFO) 不惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie. 不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city" 不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best 不以物喜,不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses 不正当竞争 unfair competition 不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency 布达拉宫 Potala Palace 布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system 步行街 pedestrian street 步行天桥 pedestrian overpass 部长级会议 ministerial meeting 参加和支援西部大开发 Participating in and supporting the development of the western region. 参加植树造林、防沙治沙、封山育林、退耕还林还草等工作 Take an active part in activities such as forestation, sand prevention and control, closing mountains to facilitate forestation, and returning reclaimed land and forests and grassland. 藏学 Tibetology 搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value) 产品科技含量 technological element of a product 产品生命周期分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) 产权明晰、 权责明确、 政企分开、 科学管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management " 产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order 产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing 产业的升级换代 upgrading of industries 产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure

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长二捆 LM-2E 长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta 长江中下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River 长跑 a long-distance running 长期共存、 互相监督、 肝胆相照、 荣辱与共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe " 长途电话 distant calls 长线产品 product in excessive supply 常规导弹部队 The conventional operational-tactical missile force 常务理事 executive member of the council 敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine 畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project 倡导新型安全观、新型区域合作模式和新型国家关系 has initiated a new security concept, a new pattern for regional cooperation, and state-to-state relations of a new type. 唱高调 mouth high-sounding words 超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer 超前消费 "pre-mature consumption, overconsuming, excessive consumption " 朝阳产业 sunrise industry 炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news) 车船维修装备 vehicle and watercraft maintenance equipment 彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force 尘云 dust clouds 沉没成本 sunk cost 充分准备,严密防护 Ensure its readiness to provide effective protection 出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports 出口创汇型产业 export-oriented industry 出口加工区 export processing zones 出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports 出口退税率 export rebate rate 出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate 出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill 出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports 出气筒 punching bag 出入*安 Safe trip wherever you go 处置突发事件 Deal with contingencies 传销 pyramid sales; multi-level marketing 船务公司 shipping service company 船用伞型堵漏器等 Marine Umbrella Type Leak Stopper 窗口行业 various service trades 创建卫生城市 build a nationally advanced clean city 创业工程 start-up projects 创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park 创业者 start-up

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吹风会 (advanced) briefing 春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program 春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival 春运 passenger transport around the Chinese lunar new year 辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new 磁悬浮列车 "Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train " 此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence. 次新股 sub-new stock 从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy 粗放经营 extensive operation 粗放式管理 extensive management 促进了武器装备工作向科学化、正规化法制化方向发展 have promoted the development of the work along scientific, regularized and legal lines. 促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy 促进社会主义物质文明、政治文明和精神文明 promote a coordinated development of socialist material, political and ideological civilization and advance firmly toward the grand goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way 存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits 存款单 Certificates of Deposits 存款准备金制度 reserve against deposit system 达标活动 target hitting activities 打白条 issue IOU 打包贷款 packing credit (loan) 打包儿 use doggy bags to take food home 打得赢、不变质两个历史性课题 Focusing on the two historic tasks of being capable of winning and never degenerate 打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering 打假 crack down on counterfeit goods 打假办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products 打卡机 punch machine 打口碟 cracked CD 打*┚ break the deadlock 打顺手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove" 大包干 all-round responsibility system 大病统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease 大轰动 blockbuster 大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener 大款 tycoon 大力扣杀 hammer 大路货 1.cheap goods; 2. popular goods of fine quality 大满贯 grand slam

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大排档 food stall 大排档 sidewalk snack booth; large stall 大胜 white wash 大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all 大腕 top notch, big shot 大卫教 ranch Davidian 单兵防暴服装 individual anti-riot suit 单兵携行具 individual load carrier 弹性工资 flexible pay 弹性外交 elastic diplomacy 倒浆糊 run wild; act restlessly 倒票 speculative reselling of tickets 倒爷 profiteer 捣浆糊 give the runaround 盗用公款 embezzlement 德智体美劳"all around development of moral, intellectual, 等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects" 邓小*外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts 低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach) 抵抗全球经济衰退 combat the global economic slump 抵免 offset 地方保护主义 regional protectionism 地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances 地球村 global village 地区差异 regional disparity 地热资源 geothermal resources 地市级城市 prefecture-level city 地震 earthquak, quake 第二产业 secondary industry 第二炮兵 The Second Artillery 第二上市 secondary listing 第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector 第三代移动电话(3G 手机) third generation mobile; 3G mobile 第一发球权 first inning 第一发球员 first server 第一双打 first pair 点球 penalty kick 点子公司 consultancy company 电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number 电话会议 teleconference 电脑盲 computer illiterate 电脑迷 mouse potato

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电视会议 video conference 电视直销 TV home shopping 电信运营商 telecom operators 电子商务认证 e-business certification 吊带衫 sun-top 吊球 drop shot 吊销执照 revoke license 调酒师 bartender 调侃 1.joke, tease; 2. chitchat, empty talk 钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project 定向培训 training for specific posts 东盟地区论坛 The ASEAN Regional Forum 东盟自由贸易区 ASEAN Free Trade Area 东南亚国家联盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) 动感 dynamic 动迁户 households to be relocated 独立董事 independent director 独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise) 渡假外交 holiday-making diplomacy 对外工作开创新局面 new prospects have been opened up in our external work 对现役武器装备进行现代化改装,努力实现武器装备机械化、信息化双重历史使命,初步形 成了种类齐全、结构比较合理的具有中国特色的武器装备基本体系 While upgrading and modernizing current weaponry and equipment selectively so as to accomplish the historical tasks of mechanization and IT-application of military equipment. A Chinese-style weaponry and equipment system, with a relatively complete variety and a good structure, has thus come into shape. 厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon 恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation 恶性循环 vicious circle 鳄鱼的眼泪 crocodile tears 二板市场; 创业板市场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board 二次创业 start a new undertaking 二级市场 secondary market 二进宫 to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution 二流选手 "scrub, second-rater" 二手房 second-hand house 二元经济 dual economy 发案率 incidence (of criminal cases) 发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan 发展不*衡 disparate development 发展具有中国特色的作战理论、 增强联合作战、 机动作战和执行多种任务的能力 Strengthen its capability for joint, mobile and multi-purpose operations.

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发 展 军 民 两 用 技 术 和 高 新 技 术 产 业 Develop dual-purpose technology and new-and high-tech industry 发展是我党执政兴国的第一要务 Essential for the Party to give top priority to development in governing and rejuvenating the country 发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance 发展要有新思路, 改革要有新突破, 开放要有新局面, 各项工作要有新举措 It is imperative to come up with new ideas in the new century, make new breakthroughs in reform, break new ground in opening up and take new moves in all fields of endeavor. 法律硕士 juris master (jm) 法人代表 legal representative 法人股 corporate shares 法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system 法治国家 a country under the rule of law 番号 Designation 翻两番 quadruple 反败为胜 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire" 反补贴税 countervailing duty 反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against 反弹道导弹条约 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) 反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government 反倾销措施 anti-dumping measures against … 汎士通轮胎 Firestone tires 防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system) 防盗门 burglarproof door; antitheft door 防寒鞋 cold weather shoes 防洪工程 flood-prevention project 防守反击(足球用语) counterattack 防伪标志 anti-fake label 防卫作战能力 to enhance defense capabilities. 防蚊服 mosquito prevent suit 防御性的国防政策 a national defense policy that is defensive in nature. 房产估价师 real estate evaluator 房产证 property ownership certificate 房虫儿 real estate speculator 房管 real estate management 房权证 property right certificate 访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选)talk-show campaign 放高球 lob 放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse;throw off one's airs 放行单 release permi 飞毛腿(导弹) Scud missile 飞行药检 spot check 非传统安全领域 in the field of non-traditional security issues.

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非对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL) 非配额产品 quota-free products 非商标(非专利)产品 generic products 非洲、加勒比和太*洋国家集团(洛美协定) 废电池 used batteries 费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes 费改税改革 tax-for-fees reform 分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation 分流 reposition of redundant personnel 分期付款 installment payment 分税制 system of tax distribution 分业经营 divided operation/ management 粉领族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)" 风险基金 VC funds 风险投资 venture capital; risk investment 风险准备金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk 封闭式基金 close-ended fund 封杀出局 force out 封圣 "canonization of ""Saints""" 疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE) 锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash 扶贫 poverty alleviation 扶贫办公室 Poverty Relief Office 浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages 福利彩票 welfare lotteries 福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system 附加意外险 supplemental accident insurance 复合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent 复式住宅 duplex apartment compound apartment atype of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building 覆盖率 coverage rate 改革要从实际出发, 整体* 重点突破, 循序渐进, 注重制度建设和创新 The reform must be promoted realistically, comprehensively and progressively with breakthroughs made in key areas and emphasis placed on institutional improvement and innovation. 改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market. 干部队伍革命化、 年轻化、 知识化、 专业化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent " 干细胞 stem cell 尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass 感到不妙 I smell a rat. 感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest)

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岗位培训 on-the-job training 港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong 港务局 port office; harbor authority 高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue 高产优质 high yield and high quality 高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination 高度自治 high degree of autonomy 高分低能 high scores and low abilities 高峰 peak time 高峰论坛 summit (forum) 高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) 高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) 高级商务师 Certified Business Executive 高级设备 sophisticated equipment 高 技 术 条 件 下 的 局 部 战 争 To win local wars under modern, especially high-tech conditions. 高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road 高举邓小*理论伟大旗帜,全面贯彻“三个代表”重要思想 Hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and carry out the important "Three Represents" thoughts 高考 (university) entrance examination 高科技板块 high-tech sector 高难度动作 stunner, stunt 高清晰度 high definition 高手 master hand, expert 高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone 高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness 格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels 个股 individual share 个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment 个人所得税 personal income tax 个人演唱会 solo concert 个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes 个体工商户 privately or individually-owned business 各大菜系 major styles of cooking 各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability 各就位 " ""On your marks!""" 各行各业 every walk of life 根本政治制度 fundamental political system 根据“规模化办校、现代化教学、正规化管理、社会化保障”的总体思路 in line with the general concept of “ running schools in large scale, modernizing teaching, regularizing administration and outsourcing logistic support.” 跟屁虫 1.one’s shadow; to tag along; 2. flatterer , boot licker, ass-kisser,

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brown-noser 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing 更快、更高、更强 Citius, Altius, Fortius 工笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting 工程公司 engineering company 工程验收 acceptance of work 工商局 industrial and commercial bureau 工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person 工业控制一体化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration 工业园区 industrial park 工资税 payroll tax 公费医疗 medical services at state expense 公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) 公积金 "public accumulation funds, public reserve funds" 公检法 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts" 公开喊价市场 open outcry markets 公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds 公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company 公务员 civil servants 公益活动 public benefit activities 公益林 public welfare forest 公正、公*、公开 "just, fair and open" 公证财产 notarize the properties 功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. 恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity. 共 产 党 领 导 下 的 多 党 合 作 与 政 治 协 商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party 共同富裕 common prosperity 狗仔队 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)" 狗仔队 paparazzi 构建现代后勤保障体系 construct a modern logistic support system and constantly enhance its logistic support capabilities. 购买力 purchasing power 股本 share capital 股本回报率 return on equity 股本金 equity capital 股份合作制 shareholding cooperative system 股份有限公司 limited liability company 股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system 股票期权 the stock option 股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market 骨干企业 key enterprise 固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones

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固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets 挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to 挂靠户 an adjunct organization 挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit 关联交易 connected transaction 关贸总协定(世界贸易组织的前身) GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall 关税配额 tariff quota 关于加强和改进新形势下军队思想政治教育的意见 Some Issues Concerning the PLA IDEOLOGICAL-Political Work Under the Conditions of the Reform and Opening-up and the Development of a Ideological-Political Education of the Army in the New Situation 关 于 推 进 军 队 后 勤保 障社 会 化 有 关 问 题 的通 知 Announcement Concerning Issues of Advancing the Reform of Military Logistic Support 观念更新 the renewal of thinking 光谷 optical valley 光机电一体化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration" 光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine 光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication 广播电视大学 radio and television university 广告电话直销 direct response advertising 广告人 advertising man; adman 广域网 wide area network (WAN) 归国留学生 returned students 归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments 规避 circumvention 规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale 皈依三宝 become a Buddhist 滚装可调*台 Roll-on-roll-off Adjustable Platform 国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components 国防动员体制 defense mobilization system 国防动员委员会 defense mobilization system 国防费预算、结算 defense budget and final accounts 国防科技工业 Science, technology and industry for national defense 国防科技工业发展的方针、政策和法律、法规、规章 formulate principles and policies, as well as laws, rules and regulations in respect of the development of defense-related science 国际奥委会 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) 国际标准化组织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 国际惯例 international common practice 国际海域 international waters 国际化战略 internationalization strategy 国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund)

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国际技术发明奖 the State Technological Invention Award 国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) 国际局势风云变幻,我国改革开放和现代化建设的进程波澜壮阔 these 13 years have 国际局势风云变幻,我国改革开放和现代化建设的进程波澜壮阔 these 13 years have witnessed a highly volatile international situation and a magnificent upsurge of China’s reform, opening up and modernization 国际科学技术奖 the international Scientific and Technological Award 国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization) 国际清算 international settlement 国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL) 国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM) 国际商业卫星发射服务市场 International commercial satellite launching service market. 国际收支不*衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment 国际足球联盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 国家财政贴息贷款 discount government loan 国家工程研究中心 国家环保总局 State Environmental Protection Administration 国家级重点学科 state-level key disciplines and specialties 国家科技进步一等奖 five State Science and Technology Awards 国家科学技术进步奖 The State Technological Invention Award 国家重点实验室 key state laboratories 国家卓越科学技术奖 the State Preeminent Science and Technology Award 国家自然科学奖 the State Natural Science Award 国家自然科学奖一等奖 the first prize in China’s State Natual Science Award 国土防空 Homeland air defense 国务院学位委员会 the Academic Degree Commission under the State Council 过度开垦 excess reclamation 海军 The Navy 海军航空兵 the Naval Aviation Department 轰炸航空兵 bomber 弘扬互信、 互利、 *等、 协商、 尊重多样化文明, 谋求共同发展的上海精神 Features mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for diverse civilization and seeking common development. 后勤保障社会化改革 the socialization of logistic support in non-combat units 后勤保障社会化改革在饮食保障、 商业服务、 营房保障和职工管理制度改革等方面取得实质 性进展 substantial progress has been achieved in this regard, including reform in food and commercial services, barracks, and the administration of civilian employees. 呼啦圈 hu la hoop 胡同串子 peddler; hawker 胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded) 虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg. 户口簿 residence booklet

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户口管理制度 "domicile system, residence registration system " 户主 head of a household 护身法宝 amulet 花旗银行 National City Bank of New York 花样游泳 water ballet 华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele 华盖 canopy 滑板车 scooter 坏球 Ball 坏帐 bad account 还俗 "resume secular life, unfrock" 环保电池 environment-friendly battery 环保型技术 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) 环境保护 protect the environment 环太*洋地区 Pacific Rim 换届选举 election at expiration of office terms 换手率 turnover rate 黄、赌、毒 "pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking " *鹗倍 prime time 会计电算化 accounting computerization 机场建设费 airport construction fee 机电产品 mechanical and electrical products 机构投资者 institutional investor 机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government) 积极防御军事战略 Implement the military strategy of active defense 积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories) 基本国情 fundamental realities of the country 基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come. 基层监督 grass-roots supervision 基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level 基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level 基础设施 infrastructure construction 基础税率 base tariff level 基地组织 al-Qaeda group 基干民兵、普通民兵 Primary and ordinary militia 基因工程 genetic engineering 基因突变 genetic mutation 基因图谱 genome; Gene chip (DNA microarray) 绩优股 blue chip 缉毒队 narcotics squad 缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling 激励约束制度 incentive and control mechanism 激烈竞争 cut-throat competition

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吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records) 吉祥如意 Everything goes well 吉祥物 mascot 极限运动 maximal exercise; X-game 集束炸弹 cluster bomb 集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding 集约经营 intensive operation 集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development 集资房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers 计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan 计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning 计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU) 记帐式国债 book-entry T-bonds 记者席 press box 记者招待会 press conference 技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development 技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange 技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough 技术交底 technical disclosure 技术密集产品 technology-intensive product 技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers 既成事实 fait accompli (noun) 既往不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones 加班 work extra shifts 加快国防科研和武器装备的发展 Accelerate the research and development of defense weaponry and equipment 加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization 加密 encrypt 加强国防建设,实现国防和军队现代化 To accelerate national defense development 加强国防科技建设,促进科技进步 Strengthen the development of defense-related science and technology, promote the progress of science and technology. 加强教学的信息化、网络化建设 informationization and networking of teaching have been promoted. 加强军事部署 Step up military deployment 加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion 加权*均值 weighted average 加速上市 speed-to-market 家庭承包经营 household contract management 家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system 家族企业 family firm 嘉宾 "distinguished guest, honored guest" 甲 A 足球队 Division A soccer team 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions

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价格浮动范围 price-float range 价格听证会 public price hearings 假唱 lip-synch 假动作 "deception, feint" 假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products 假球;黑哨 soccer fraud; black whistle 假日经济 holiday economy 假释 parole 假小子 tomboy 尖端产品 highly sophisticated products 坚持长期准备、 重点建设、 *战结合的方针 Adheres to the policy of long-term readiness, construction of key projects, and combination of peacetime footing with wartime footing. 坚持党的优良传统和宏扬时代精神相统一 maintenance of the find tradition of the Party with promotion of the spirit of the times. 坚持独立自主的和*外交政策,维护世界和*与促进共同发展 Pursue the independent foreign policy of peace, safeguard world peace and promote common development 坚持和发展人民战争思想 Highlights and carries forward the concept of people’s war. 坚持*战结合、 军民结合、 寓兵于民的方针 upholds the principle of combining peacetime footing with wartime footing, uniting the army with the people, and having a reserve among the people 坚持统一, 反对分裂, 增加了解, 化解歧见 "persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences " 坚 持 物 质 文 明 和 精 神 文 明 两 手 抓 , 实 行 依 法 治 国 和 以 德 治 国 相 结 合 attach equal importance to both material and spiritual civilization and run the country by combining the rule of law with the rule of virtue. 坚持以信息化带动工业化 to persist in using IT to propel industrialization 坚决反对和防止腐败是全党一项重大的政治任务 Combating and preventing corruption resolutely as a major political task of the whole Party 歼击轰炸航空兵 fighter-bomber 监督部门 watchdog 减负 alleviate burdens on sb. 减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass 减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; 剪彩 cut the ribbon 剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ... 建/*仓 open/close a position 建立科学的体制编制 Establish a scientific organizational structure 建立信任措施 Confidence-building measures 建设高素质的领导干部队伍 to build a contingent of high-calibre leading cadres 舰艇大队 Squadrons 舰艇支队 Flotillas 渐*尾声 draw to a close 渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence

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江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River 讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credit 降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人) 降息 reduction of interest 交叉报复 cross retaliation 交钥匙工程 turn-key project 焦土政策 “Scorched Earth” plan 侥幸球 fluke 矫情 use lame arguments 脚踩两只船 sit on the fence 脚踏实地 be down-to-earth 叫板 challenge; pick a quarreL 叫座 a box-office success; draw a large audience 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people 教务处 dean's office 教学法 pedagogy; teaching method 教 育 部 社 政 司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education 接口 interface 街道企业 neighborhood enterprise 解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces 解放思想, 实事求是, 开拓创新, 继往开来, 与时俱进 emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, coming up with new ideas in respect of theory, carrying forward our cause into the future, keeping pace with the times 解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts 解困基金 anti-poverty funds 戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center 戒急用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient " 进一步密切了军政、军民关系 Strengthen the relations between the armed forces and the local governments, and between the military and civilians. 经济结构的战略性调整 Strategic adjustment of the economic structure 经济适用房 affordable houses 经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system 精 干 后 勤 保 障 机 构 和 提 高 国 防 费 的 使 用 效 益 Streamline the logistic support organizations and improve the cost-effectiveness of defense expenditures 精品 competitive products 精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics 景泰蓝 cloisonné 警备区(卫戍区) Garrison 竞争上岗 take up a job through competition 敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home

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敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics 境外消费 consumption abroad 境外消费(服务贸易) consumption abroad 纠风办 State Council Office for Rectifying 九届全国人大四次会议 the Fourth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress 九五攻关 State Key Task 95 救生背心 life vest 救援人员 rescue workers 就业前培训 pre-job training 居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee 局域网 local area network (LAN) 举办城市 host city 举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone 举杯 propose a toast 拒载 refuse to take passengers 具 有 国 际 竞 争 力 的 大 型 企 业 集 团 Gradually forms a batch of internationally competitive conglomerates 具有中国特色的 with Chinese characteristics 决策性机构 policy-making body 军备开支 expenditure on armaments/expenditure on military equipment 军备控制 arms control 军备透明 军备限制办法 approaches to arms limitation 军车定型试验设施 military vehicle type approval and test facility 军地两用人才 armymen trained to be competent for both military and civilian jobs 军队高层次应用型专门人才的培养迈上一个新的台阶 marking a new stage in the training of high-level professional for the armed forces. 军队基层建设纲要 the Outline for Armed Forces Construction at the Grass Roots Level 军队离退休人员生活费标准 Living expense standards for PLA retirees. 军队退役医疗保险 Medical insurance for demobilized servicemen 军队院校重点建设工程 Key Construction Project of Military Colleges and Schools 军费开支 military expenditure 军工联合企业 military industrial complex 军工企业 military industrial enterprise/defense industries 军火工业 armament industry 军律严明 Military laws are peremptory. 军民共建精神文明 build advanced units through the joint efforts of the army and the masses 军民共建精神文明活动 joint army-civilian efforts to promote socialist ethics and culture in their respective units 军民共建文明单位 model communities and units in the development of socialist ethics and culture established jointly by the army and civilians 军民兼顾 give consideration to both the army and the people/take care of the needs of both the army and the people

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军民兼容 for dual military and civilian use 军民结合 integrate military with civilian purposes 军 民 联 防 united army-and-civilian defense; army-civilian joint defense; join-defense by army and civilians 军 民 联 欢 an army-civilian get-together; Civilians and armymen had a merry get-together. 军民团结 the unity between the army and the people; army-people unity 军民一家 The Army and the people are one family. ; The army and the people-one family.; Soldiers and people are one family. 军民一心 The soldiers and civilians are of one heart. 军旗 Military banners 军人伤亡保险制度 Injury and death insurance for servicemen 军人住房补贴制度 System of housing subsidies for servicemen 军嫂 soldier's wife 军事拨款 military appropriations/military allocations /defense budget 军事法规 Military statutes 军事过硬 militarily competent 军事机构 military establishments 军事交通保障装备 military traffic support equipment 军事素质 military qualities; fighting capability 军事素质和政治素质 military capability and political consciousness 军事学硕士专业学位设置方案 the plan of setting up specialities for master’s degree of military science. 军事训练与考核大纲 The outline of Military Training and Evaluation 军事预算 military budget 军事援助 military aid 军事战略调整 Adjustments in their military strategies. 军事支出 Military expenditure 军需装备 quartermaster equipment exhibition area 军用飞机 warplane, military aircraft 军转民 Shift from military to civilian purpose/convert defense industry to civilian production 军转民,内转外 Turn military production into civilian production, turn domestic sales to export 军转民技术改造 Conversion of defense-related technologies for civil use 君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green 竣工式 completion ceremony 卡丁车 kart 开标 bid opening 开创具有中国特色的社会主义建设新局面 create a new situation in building socialism with Chinese characteristics 开发公司 development company 开发式扶贫 development-oriented poverty relief

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开发一代,储存一代,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products 开放式基金 open-ended fund 开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity 开工典礼 commencement ceremony 开后门 under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means 开门红 to begin well,to make a good start 开题报告 opening speech; opening report 开拓创新 work heard through innovations in a pioneering spirit 开小灶 give special favor 开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night 开展扶贫帮困活动 carry out activities to help the poor and needy 开展联*煅А⒍唐谂嘌怠⒎啦≈尾 ⒆每萍汲删 by way of jointly running schools, sponsoring short-term training courses, offering diseases prevention and treatment assistance, and transferring achievements of scientific and technological research 坎儿井 karez 侃价 bargain 看跌/看涨期权 put / call option 看守政府,看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet 康乃馨 carnation 抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea 抗震棚 quake-proof shelter 考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools 考研热 the craze for graduate school 烤烟型卷烟 Virginian-type cigarette 科技成果 scientific research achievements 科技成果产业化进程加快 translation of research results into productive forces was accelerated 科技成果转让 transfer of scientific and technological achievements 科技成果转让合同 contract for the transfer of scientific achievements 科技创新能力 hi-tech innovation capacity 科技扶贫 support the poor areas with technology 科 技 攻 关 tackle hard-nut problems in science and technology/tackle hard-nut problems on the strength of science and technology 科技和人才的竞争 competition in science and technology and in recruiting talented people (or in tapping human resources) 科技进步 科技进步日新月异,综合国力竞争日趋激烈 Science and technology are advancing rapidly; competition in overall national strength is becoming increasingly fierce. 科技练兵 military training featuring new technologies. 科技强军 strengthen the army by relying on science and technology 科技人员合理流动 rational flow of scientific and technical personnel 科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.

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科技体制 system of science and technology/science and technology system/structure of science and technology 科技先导型企业 pace-setting technologically advanced enterprises 科技信息网络化*台 an information network platform 科技兴国 rejuvenate the country through science and technology 科技咨询活动 scientific and technological consulting service *绦斯 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation 科 教 兴 国 战 略 the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education 科 教兴 国战 略和 可持 续发 展战 略 strategies for revitalizing the nation through science and education and sustainable development 科学技术是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force. 科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project 可持续的发展 sustainable development 可持续发展 sustainable development 可持续发展战略 sustainable development strategy 可转换债券 convertible bond 刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine 课件(教师多媒体教学演示片) courseware 空防合一的体制 Adopt a system of combining aviation with ground-to-air defense forces 空军 The Air Force 空嫂 married stewardess 空头支票 "accommodation note, lip service " 空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess 恐怖大亨 terrorist mastermind 控股公司 "holding company, controlling company" 口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease 口头禅 pet phrase 扣帽子 put a label on 酷毙 extremely cool; the coolest 跨境交付(服务贸易) cross border supply 跨世纪工程 a trans-century project 跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development 快速反应部队 rapid response force 快速立法 fast track 快速突击力量 rapid assault force 快速消费品 fast-moving consumer goods 快讯 news flash; flash 宽带接入 broadband access 宽带网 broadband networks 宽限期 grace period 亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit 困难职工 the needy

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扩编、改编和扩充其他武装组织 扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption 扩大内需的方针,适时采取积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策 by pursuing the principle of stimulating domestic demand and adopting the proactive fiscal policy and the sound monetary policy. ensure a quick expansion and reorganization of the PLA, and expansion of the other forces. 扩容 market expansion 垃圾融资 junk financing 垃圾债券 junk bond 拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth 拉关系 try to curry favor with 拉拉队 cheering squad 拉拉队长 "cheer-leader, rooter king" 拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon 拉选票 seek a vote 啦啦队 cheering squad 来电 fall in love with someone 来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone 来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing 蓝筹股 blue chips 蓝光光盘 Blue-ray Disc 蓝牙技术 bluetooth 劳动合同制 labor contract system 劳动争议 labor dispute 老 少 边 穷 地 区 "former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas " 老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried, cliché 老油条 wily old bird; old slicker 老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise 离退办 office for the affairs of the retired workers 离退休人员基本养老金 basic pensions for retirees 篱笆墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading 礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity. 礼仪小姐 ritual girl 理货公司 tally company 理论联系实际 linking theory with practice 立党之本、执政之基、力量之源 The foundation for building our Party, the cornerstone for its governance and the source of its strength. 立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture 利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery 利好因素 wrinkle 利基 niche 连带责任 joint liability

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连续抽烟的人 chain smoker 联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output 联合国环境署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) 联合国会费 the UN membership dues (fee) 联合国开发计划署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program) 联合国粮农组织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) 联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises 联合联络小组 joint liaison group 联合投标 syndicated tender 联想集团 Legend Group 廉洁奉公,以正治国 " (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness " 廉政、勤政、务实、高效政府 "an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government " 廉政公署 Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) 廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration 廉政建设和反腐败斗争深入开展 the endeavor to build a clean and honest government and combat corruption 练摊 to be a vendor 良性循环 virtuous circle 粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies 粮油关系 grain and oil rationing registration 两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation 两大历史性课题 (提高党的执政能力和领导水*, 提高拒腐防变和抵御风险的能力) The two major historic subjects of enhancing the abilities of administration and art of leadership and resisting corruption, guarding against degeneration and 两弹一艇 "A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine" 两个对等的政治实体 two equal political entities 两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress 两栖作战 Amphibious operations 两手抓, 两手都要硬 grasp both links at the same time and attach sufficient importance to both 两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup. 两思(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence 两院院士 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering 劣等品 shoddy goods; substandard goods; lemon (informal) 猎头公司 head-hunting company 临时主教练 caretaker coach 零和博奕 zero-sum game; zero game

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零配件 spare and accessory parts 领海 territorial waters 领头羊 bellwether 另类 a different, special, completely new or fashionabel type or trend 另类音乐,非正统音乐 alternative music 流动人口 transient population 流动图书馆 travelling library; bookmobile 流通股 circulation stock 流星雨 meteor shower 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 "Where there is life, there is hope." 留学咨询 consulting on the study abroad 留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary 六艺:礼、 射、 书、 "six classical arts: rites, music, archery, riding, writing, 乐、 御、 数 arithmetic" 龙头产品 flagship product 陆军 The Army 录取分数线 enrollment mark 录取通知书 letter of admission 路演 road show 旅客列车票价 price of passenger train tickets 旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip 绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate 绿化 afforestation 绿色奥运,科技奥运,人文奥运 green, high-tech and people friendly Olympic Games 绿色急救通道 emergency green path 绿色食品 green food 绿色通道(办证快捷通道) green channel 乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 "unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises " 乱码 messy code 乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 "arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines" 轮值主席 chairman on duty 论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense 论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense 裸机 bare mobile phone 马到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success 马 尔 萨 斯 人 口 论 Malthusian Theory of Population; Malthusianism (Thomas Robert Malthus, 1766-1834, British economist) 马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon 马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors 马 太 效 应 "the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. ) "

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玛雅文化 Mayan civilization 码分多址 (一种扩频多址数字式通信技术) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) 买方市场 buyer's market 买壳上市 go public through buying a shell 买空卖空 bulls and bears; fictitious transaction 买一送一 "two-for-one offer, buy one get one free" 麦克马洪线 McMahon Line 满意度 degree of satisfaction 慢性萧条 chronic depression 盲流 blind influx (labourers aimlessly flowing from rural areas into large cities) 盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside 盲目投资 blindness in investment 猫腻儿 illegal deal; underhanded activity 矛盾的普遍性 universality of contradictions 茅塞顿开 be suddenly enlightened 冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging 贸易壁垒 trade protectionism 贸 易 和 投 资 自 由 化 和 便 利 化 TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) 贸易逆差 adverse balance of trade; trade deficit 贸易顺差 favorable balance; trade surplus 贸易与发展委员会 Committee on Trade and Development 贸易制裁 trade sanction 贸易自由化 trade liberalization 帽子戏法 hat trick 没有规矩不成方圆 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards. 每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most. 美国之音 Voice of America (VOA) 美声唱法 bel canto 美食节 gourmet festival 门户开放政策 open-door policy 门户网站 portals 门罗主义 Monroe Doctrine 门前三包 "be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building " 朦胧诗 misty poetry 蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt 蒙古大夫 quack 孟子 Mencius 迷彩服 battle fatigues; camouflage coat 迷彩系列服装 camouflage suits 迷信与伪科学 Superstition and pseudo-science 米袋子省长负责制 provincial governors assuming responsibility fofr the rice bag

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(grain supply) 免费搭车者(享受其他国家最惠国待遇而不进行相应减让的国家) free-rider 免税商品 tax-free commodities 免验放行 pass without examination (P.W.E) 面向 21 世纪的中美建设性伙伴关系 a constructive, strategic partnership between China and the United Stated aimed at the next century 灭绝的物种 extinct species 民 办 教 师 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government) 民兵战备制度 Militia combat readiness system 民法通则 general provisions of the civil law 民工 migrant laborer 民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities 民间外交 people-to -people diplomacy 民间资本 private capital 民进党 Democratic Progressive Party 民事诉讼 civil procedure 民以食为天 people regard food as their prime want; food the first necessity of man 民营企业 individually-run enterprises 民用核电向产业化方向发展 Nuclear power for civil use should be industrialized 民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 "non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation " 民主集中制 democratic centralism 民主监督 democratic supervision 民族凝聚力 national cohesion 民族区域自治 regional autonomy of ethnic minorities 民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission 民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture 民族意识 national consciousness 民族优越感 ethnocentrism 名利双收 gain in both fame and wealth 名优 famous actor; famous high quality brand 明明白白消费(2000 年保护消费者权益工作主题) transparent consumption 模仿秀 imitation show 模糊逻辑 fuzzy logic 模糊战略(美国在台湾问题上奉行的政策) indistinct strategy 模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam 摩门教 Mormon Church (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) 磨洋工 dawdle along 末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position 莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines 谋事在人,成事在天 "The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. / Man

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proposes, God disposes. " 母系氏族社会 matriarchal clan society 目标管理 management by objectives, quto management 幕后操纵 pull strings behind the scenes; wire-pulling 睦邻友好关系(合作) good-neighborly and friendly relations (cooperation) 穆斯林 Muslim; Moslem 拿手好戏 masterpiece 内耗 in-fighting 内环路 inner ring road 内联企业 enterprises with internal connections 内联网(计算机) Intranet 内退 early retirement 纳米 nanometer 纳税人 tax payer; tax bearer 纳税申报制度 tax declaration system 纳斯达克 National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) 耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods) 耐用消费品 durable consumer goods,consumer durables 男高音演唱家 tenorist 男权主义思想 male chauvinism 南北对话 North-South dialogue 南南合作 South-South cooperation 南水北调 South-to-North water diversion 南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project 难得糊涂 "Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise." 囊括 complete a sweep 闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique 能官能民 be ready to both serve as an official and be one of the common people 能进能出,能上能下 competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots 能进能出,能上能下,方谓好汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man. 能上网的手机 WAP phone 尼姆达(病毒) Nimda 泥菩萨 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival 泥石流 mud-rock flow 年利润 annual return 年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis 年夜饭 family reunion dinner 涅磐(佛) nirvana 扭转局面 "reverse the tide, turn the table" 农产品的统购派购 unified purchasing of farm produce by the state according to fixed quotes 农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers)

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农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines 农垦 agricultural reclamation 农林间作 agro-forestry 农奴制 serfdom; serf system 农药残留 pesticide residue 农药残留物 pesticide residue 农业生态学 agricultural ecology 农业增加值 added value of agriculture 农转非 rural residents become urban residents 弄巧成拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself. 弄虚作假、铺张浪费行为相当严重 falsification, extravagance and waste are still serious problems among some leading cadres in our Party. 努力建成一支革命化、现代化、正规化的人民军队 form a revolutionary, modernized and regularized people’s army 努力实现技术发展的跨越 strive to achieve leapfrog technological progress. 女权运动 movement for women's rights 暖温带 warm temperate zone 诺亚方舟 Noah’s Ark 欧亚大陆桥 Eurasia Land Bridge 欧元 Euro 欧洲共同体 European Communities (EC) 欧洲货币 Euro-currency 欧洲货币一体化 European monetary integration 欧洲委员会 European Commission 欧洲自由贸易联盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association) 偶像 idol 中文新闻译英文词汇标准二 汉字按拼音排序的文字顺序(P-Z) 帕金森症 parkinsonism 拍拖 being in love; having a love affair 排华政策 policy of discrimination against the Chinese 排外主义 exclusivism 派出所 local police station 潘多拉魔盒 Pandora's box 盘点 stock count; take stock of 盘活存量资产 liquidize remnant assets 抛砖引玉 a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions; throw a sprat to catch a whale 跑龙套"utility man, play a bit role, general handyman" 泡沫经济 bubble economy 泡妞 chase after the girls 培养高素质新型军事人才 train high-quality military personnel of a new type 培育新的经济增长点 Cultivate new economic growth points

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赔了夫人又折兵, 花钱填无底洞 throw good money after bad 配股 allotment of shares;rationed shares 配件 accessories 配套政策 supporting policies 棚户 shacks; family that live in shacks 碰钉子 get snubbed 碰头会 "brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.) " 碰一鼻子灰 be sent off with a flea in one's ear; be snubbedd; get a rebuff 批发市场 wholesale market 皮包公司 bogus company 疲软股票 soft stock 啤酒肚 beer belly 片儿警 local regional policeman 片面追求升学率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a higher level 骗汇、逃汇、套汇 "obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage " 票贩子 "scalper, ticket tout" 票贩子 ticket scalper 票房 box office 拼图 jigsaw 贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor 贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb 品牌效应 brand effect *等、互利、互相尊重主权和领土完整 equality,mutual benefit, mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity *等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针 pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity andmutual development *等互利原则 principle of equality and mutual benefit *衡预算 balance a budget; a balanced budget *均主义 equalitarianism *面设计师 graphic designer *时不烧香,临时抱佛脚 "never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress" *稳过渡 smooth transition *抑(稳定)物价 stabilize commodity prices 评标 bidding evaluation 评头论足 nit-pick 凭证式国债 certificate T-bonds 瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions 泼冷水 pour cold water on the enthusiasm of; dampen the spirit of; throw a wet blanket over

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泼水节 Water-Sprinkling Festival 迫降 emergency landing 破釜沉舟 cut off all means of retreat; burn one‘s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end 扑网(体) "rush-up, rushing" 铺新摊子 launch new projects 普遍优惠制 generalized preferential system;general system of preferences 普法教育活动 Program on education to popularize knowledge of laws. 普通高等教育 regular higher education 普选制 general election system 曝光 make public; expose 期初存货 opening stock 期房 forward delivery housing 期货对冲交易 offsetting futures transactions 期货交易 deal in futures; futures business/trading; forward business 期末存货 closing stock 欺行霸市价格 forced quotation 骑警 horseback police 旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao 企业产权 property rights of enterprises 企业的自我约束机制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises 企业孵化器 enterprise incubator 企业改制 restructuring of enterprise 企业集团 enterprise group 企业兼并重组 annexation and reorganization of enterprises 企业上市 listing of a company 企业文化 corporate culture 企业效益 performance of enterprises 企业形象 corporate image(CI)/ enterprise image 企业重组 reshuffle of the enterprises 企业转制 transformation of enterprise 启动基金 initial funding 启发式教学 heuristic education 起跑器 block 汽车维修方舱 shelters for vehicle maintenance 洽谈会 "fair, meeting" 千代田寿险公司(日本) Chiyoda Mutual Life Insurance Co. 千里之行始于足下 a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is to be gained step by step 千年问题、千年虫 millennium bug 千禧婴儿 millennium infant; millennium baby 牵头人 initiator 签约仪式 signing ceremony 前怕狼,后怕虎 fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind/ hesitate in doing

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something 前人栽树,后人乘凉 One generation plants the trees in whose shade another generation rests./ One sows and another reaps. 前事不忘,后事之师 Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future. 前瞻性 perspectiveness 钱袋子 fund sources 欠收(农业) crop failure 枪手 1. gun shooter; 2. ghostwriter 强化班 intensive training class 强力球(美国的全国性彩票) powerball 强龙难压地头蛇 Even a dragon (from the outside) finds it hard to control a snake in its old haunt - Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect local bullies. 强强联手 win-win co-operation 强权外交 power diplomacy 强硬派伊斯兰教徒 hard-line Islamist 抢得先机 take the preemptive opportunities 抢购 panic buying 抢跑 "false start, beat the gun" 抢险救灾 emergency rescue and disaster relief 敲竹杠 make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick 侨胞 countrymen residing abroad 侨务 affairs concerning nationals residing abroad 巧妇难为无米之炊 If you have no hand you can't make a fist./ One can't make bricks without straw. 翘尾巴 be cocky; get stuck-up 切入点 point of penetration; breakthrough point 亲民党 People First Party 侵吞公款 embezzle public funds/ embezzlement of public funds 钦差大臣 imperial envoy; imperial commissioner 禽流感 bird flu 勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program 勤政廉政建设 keep government functionaries honest and industrious 青藏高原 Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 青少年犯罪 juvenile deliquency 氢弹 hydrogen bomb 轻轨火车 light rail train 轻水反应堆 light water reactor( LWR) 倾销 dump; dumping 清产核资 asset and capital verification 清洁能源 clean energy 清明节 Pure Bright Festival; Tomb Sweeping Day 清算/结算 clearing /settlement 清算公司 clearing corporation; liquidation company 清算银行 clearing bank

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情感消费 emotional consumption 情商 emotion quotient (EQ) 情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to … 求大同,存小异 seek common ground on major question while reserving differences on minor ones 区位商业 location-based commerce 区域保障与建制保障相结合、通用保障与专用保障相结合的方式。 It combines regional support with organic system support and general supply support with special supply support. 区域经济 regional economies 屈体 "jackknife, pike" 取消禁运 lifting of embargo 圈外人士 people out of the loop 全方位、 多层次、 宽领域的对外开放格局 all-dimensional, multitiered and wide-ranging opening pattern 全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy 全国人大代表 deputy to the National People's Congress 全国人口普查 nationwide census 全国人民代表大会 NPC (National People's Congress) 全国人民代表大会常务委员会 the NPC Standing Committee 全国人民代表大会主席团 the NPC Presidium 全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City 全国政协常委递补委员 by-elect members to the Standing Committee of the Ninth CPPCC National Committee 全景电影 cinepanoramic 全力以赴 all-out efforts 全面建设小康社会 to build a well-off society in an all-round way 全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器 complete prohibition and thorough destruction nuclear weapons 全面实施以德育为核心、以创新精神和实践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice 全民健身和医疗卫生系统 nationwide fitness and medical and health system 全民健身活动 national fitness activities flourished 全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan 全民族的思想道德素质 the ideological and ethical standards 全能冠军 all-around winner 全球变暖 global warming 全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS) 全球多边贸易体系 global system of multilateral trade 全球移动通信系统(全球通) global system for mobile communications (GSM) 全体会议 plenary meeting 全天候 24-hour (service) 全天候飞机 all-weather aircraft 全优工程 all-round excellent project

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全资企业 exclusively-invested enterprises 权贵资本主义 crony capitalism 权贵资本主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋好友资本主义) crony capitalism 权力法案 Bill of Rights 权力下放 delegate power to the lower levels; shift of power to the grassroots 权益回报率 returns on equity (ROE) 拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster 券商 securities trader 裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence 裙带关系 networking through petticoat influence 群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely 燃油附加税 bunker surcharge 染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon 让利 surrender part of the profits 绕圈子 beat around the bush 热带风暴 Tropical Storm 热带雨林 tropical rain forest 热岛效应 tropical island effect 热核弹头 thermonuclear warhead 热污染 thermal pollution 人才高地 talent highland 人才交流 talents exchange 人才流失 brain drain 人才战 competition for talented people 人大代表 NPC member 人逢喜事精神爽 Joy puts heart into a man. 人浮于事 overstaff 人浮于事 overstaffing 人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI) 人海战术 huge-crowd strategy 人机交互 human-computer interaction 人际交往 human communication 人均住房 per-capita housing 人口出生率 birth rate 人口负增长 negative population growth (NPG) 人口过剩 overpopulation 人口老龄化 an aging population 人口素质 quality of population 人口学 larithmics 人类基因图谱 human genome 人类免疫缺陷病毒 Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) 人气 popularity 人情债 debt of gratitude

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人身保护令(状) habeas corpus 人身攻击 personal attack 人身意外保险 personal accident insurance 人寿保险 life insurance 人头税 poll tax 人性化管理 human-based management 人之初,性本善 Man's nature at birth is good. 认股权证 warrant 任意球 free kick 日本广播协会 NHK 日本协力银行 Japan Bank For International Cooperation (JBIC) 日本右翼势力 right-wing forces in Japan 日经指数 Nikkei Index 荣誉权 right of fame 融资渠道 financing channels 入境问俗,入乡随俗 When in Rome do as the Romans do. 入水时水花很少 clean entry 入网许可证 network access license 软盘 floppy disk 软新闻 soft news 软着陆 soft landing 瑞雪兆丰年 A timely snow promises a good harvest. 弱肉强食法则 law of the jungle 弱势群体 disadvantageous groups 塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing. 三八红旗手 woman pace-setter 三八线 38th Parallel 三步走战略 the three-step development strategy 三产 tertiary industry 三 大 作 风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism) 三废(废气、废水、废渣) “three wastes”(waste gas, waste water and waste residues) 三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture) 三个代表 three represents theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.) 三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards 三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health) 三讲教育(讲学*、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

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三讲教育:讲学*,讲政治,讲正气 Three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct) 三角恋爱 love triangle 三角债 chain debt 三来一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade." 三连冠 three successive championships 三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen 三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers 三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute 三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers 三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself." 三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits " 三通一* "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)" 三维电影 three-dimensional movie 三维动画片 three-dimensional animation 三无企业 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)" 三峡工程 Three Gorges Project 三下乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers" 三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China " 三字经 three-character scripture 三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation 散户 retail / private investor 桑拿浴 sauna 扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy 扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work 森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover 杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel 杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card 沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm 沙漠化 desertification 刹住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests,touring the country at public expenses)

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山不在高,有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; " 山姆大叔 Uncle Sam 闪电战 blitz; lightning war 闪客 flash 施政纲领 administrative program 实施科技强军战略 The strategy of building a strong military through science and technology 实物供应与货币分配相结合的办法 supply in kind with supply in money 实现第三步战略目标必经的承上启下的发展阶段 the two decades of development will serve as an inevitable connecting link for attaining the third-step strategic objectives for … 实 现 由 传 统 练 兵 方 式 向 科 技 练 兵 的 转 变 quicken its steps in transforming the training-from conventional training to one featuring new technology. 实行官兵一致、军民一致、瓦解敌军的原则 Adheres to the principle of seeking unity between officers and men and between the military and the people, and demoralizing and disintegrating the enemy 实行联勤保障 The introduction of the joint logistics system 实行政治民主、经济民主、军事民主的制度 operating a system featuring political democracy, economic democracy and military democracy 士官 noncommissioned officers 首长分工负责制 the system of leading cadres assuming separate responsibilities under the unified collective leadership of the Party committee. 谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. " 水警区 Maritime garrison command 水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting 水土流失 soil erosion 水下导弹 submarine-based missiles 水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high. 说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes. 硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study 司仪 MC (master of ceremonies) 私人企业 private enterprise 私人游资 mobile private capital 私营企业 privately-run enterprise 思乡曲 Nostalgia 思想僵铁 fossilized concept 死而后已 until my heart stops beating 死机 system halted 死亡率 mortality 死亡人数 death toll 死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan 四 大 金 刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four

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Devarajas 四个如何认识 (江泽民总书记在今年 6 月 28 日中央思想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话中, 提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史进程、 如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、 如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政 治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.) "In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle." 四 个 现 代 化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology) 四合院 courtyard dwellings; quadrangle dwellings 四十不惑 Life begins at forty. 四书( 大学》 中庸》 论语》 孟子》 The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine 《 、 《 、 《 、 《 ) of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius) 四项基本原则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought" 四 有 新 人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline" 四总部 the four general headquarters/departments 送温暖工程 heart-warming project 搜索引擎(计算机) search engine 夙敌 "arch-rival 素质教育 education for all-around development 素质教育 quality education 酸雨 acid rain 随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions 岁岁*安 Peace all year round 所得税 income tax 所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority 台湾、香港、澳门保持原有的资本主义制度和生活方式长期不变 Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao will retain the current capitalist system and way of life for a long time to come. 台湾当局 the Taiwan authorities 台湾是中国神圣领土不可分割的一部分 Taiwan is an inalienable part of the inviolable territory of China. 台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots 抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker 跆拳道 tae kwon do 太空步 moonwalk 太空垃圾 space trash

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太*洋舰队(美) Pacific Fleet 太阳浴 sun bath; insolation 贪污腐化 corruption and degeneration 摊薄每股收益 diluted earning per share 摊牌 put/lay one’s card on the table 谈判的筹码 bargain chip 炭疽 anthrax 探明储量 verified deposits; verified reserves 探亲外交 family-visit diplomacy; relative-visiting diplomacy 唐老鸭 Donald Duck 唐装 Tang suit 唐装 traditional Chinese garments (clothing) 糖衣炮弹 sugar-coated bullets 韬光养晦 hide one's capacities and bide one's time 逃票 to sneak through without a ticket 逃票者 ticket evader 逃税 tax evasion 陶冶情操 cultivate one's taste (temperament) 讨价还价 wheel and deal 讨债公司 debt-collection company 套瓷 cotton up to 套利 arbitrage 套期保值 hedge 特别提款权 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold 特别行政区 special administrative region 特技演员 stunt man; stand-in 特困行业和企业 industries and enterprises in dire straits 特洛伊木马 Trojan horse 特色电话机 feature phone 特许税 franchise tax 特种债券 special bonds 踢皮球 pass the buck 提 高 国 防 科 技 工 业 自 主 创 新 能 力 和 持 续 发 展 能 力 Enhance the capability of self-reliance and innovation and sustained development capability in defense-related science, technology and industry. 提高拒腐防变和抵御风险的能力 Increase its capacity of fighting corruption and guarding against degeneration 提高快速反应能力 Capability in rapid-reaction 提高农产品收购价格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products) 提价 price hike 题外话 digression; mention in passing 体改委 commission for economic restructuring 体育彩票 sports lotteries

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替身演员 stunt man/woman; stand-in 天赋人权 natural rights 天时,地利,人和 good timing, geographical convenience and good human relations 天时、地利、人和 favorable climatic, geographical and human comditions; favorable objective and subjective factors for success 天有不测风云 Anything unexpected may happen. a bolt from the blue 填鸭式教学 cramming method of teaching 条令\条例 Orders and regulations 跳槽 job-hopping 跳槽 job-hopping 跳槽者 job-hopper 跳棋 Chinese chequers; Chinese draughts; halma 跳蚤市场 flea market 贴水 agio 贴现公司 discount house 贴现率 discount market 铁饭碗 iron rice bowl 铁哥们 faithful pal;buddies;sworn friend 铁腕人物 strongman; iron-handed person 铁血宰相 iron-and-blood prime minister 厅长 head of a department (under a provincial government 庭院经济 courtyard economy 停薪留职 retain one's position with one's salary suspended; obtain an indefinite leave of absence from one's work unit 通存通兑 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank 通关 be cleared by the customs 通货回笼 withdrawal of currency in circulation 通货混合,鸡尾酒式货币 currency cocktail 通货紧缩 deflation (of currency) 通货升值 currency revaluation 通票 through ticket 通商口岸 treaty port, trading port 通用汽车公司 General Motors Corporation (GM) 同步卫星 geostationary satellilte 同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification) 同 等 学 力 申 请 硕 士 学 位 统 考 general examination for applicants with education background equivalent to college graduates for master's degree 同类产品 like product 同声传译 simultaneous interpretation 同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen 同业拆借 inter-bank borrowing 统筹安排 comprehensive arrangement

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统 筹 兼 顾 make overall plans adn take all factors into consideration; overall planning and all-round consideration 统一市场 single market 统一税 "flat tax, consolidated tax" 统一战线 united front 筒子楼 tube-shaped apartment 偷渡者 stowaway 偷工减料 use inferior materials and turn out sub-standered products 偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 "tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes 偷税漏税 tax evasion 头寸紧 credit crunch; fund shortage 头寸松 credit ease 头号种子选手 No.1 seed (player); top seed 投标 bid for; tender for 投机商号 bucket shop 投手 pitcher 投诉中心 complaint center 投资风险 investment risk 投资环境 investment environment 投资主体 the investment subject 透过现象看本质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence 透明度 transparency 土地承包期 land contract period 土地沙化 desertification of land; desert encroachment 土地使用权 land-use right 土地酸化 acidification 团队精神 team spirit; esprit de corps 团结就是力量 Unity is strength. 团身 bunch up the body 推广科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements *て笫乱档ノ徽铰孕灾刈 Strategic reorganization of military industrial enterprises and institutions *垢母 press ahead with the government institutional reform *翁逯聘母 to advance political restructuring 退耕还林还草 grain for green 退耕还林还牧 convert the land for forestry and pasture 退市 delist (a listed company) 托福考试 Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) 拖拉作风 dilatory style of work 拖欠工资 arrears of wage 脱产 be disengaged from work; divorce oneself from one's work 脱口秀 talk show 脱贫致富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity"

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脱手 release grip 脱销 out of stock 脱氧核糖核酸 deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) 脱中国化 de-Sinification 鸵鸟政策 ostrich policy; ostrichism 挖墙脚 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet 歪风邪气 unhealthy practices and evil phenomena 外层空间 outer space 外汇储备 foreign exchange reserve (forex reserve) 外汇管理局 Administration of Exchange Control 外汇管制 foreign exchange control 外交庇护 diplomatic asylum 外交豁免权 diplomatic immunity 外交斡旋 diplomatic offices 外联网(计算机) extranet 外卖 take-out 外卖店 take-out restaurant 外贸单证员 vouching clerk 外贸自营权 power to engage in foreign trade 外企 foreign company 外税局 foreign-related tax bureau 外滩(上海) The Bund 外逃资本 flight capital 外向型经济 Outward-looking economy 外星人 extraterrestrial being (ET) 外需 overseas market demand 外债 foreign debt; external debt 完善军人社会保障制度 Gradual improvement of social security system for servicemen 顽固分子 die-hard 万维网(计算机) World Wide Web(WWW) 汪辜会谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks) 王储,王太子 Crown Prince 王水 aqua regia 网吧 Internet bar 网虫 netter; Internet geek 网关 gateway 网恋 online love affair 网络出版 online publishing 网络管理员 network administrator 网络化 networking 网络经济 cybereconomy 网络恐怖主义 Cyberterrorism 网络恐怖主义 cyberterrorism 网络摄象机 web cam

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网民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen 网上冲浪 surf the Internet 网上交易*台 online trading platform 网友 net friend 往返机票 return ticket; round-trip ticket 往事如风 "The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past." 望子成龙 hold high hopes for one's child 危房 dilapidated building 威武之师,文明之师 mighty force and civilized force 微软公司 Micorsoft Corporation 微软移动构想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives 为 保 持 人 民 军 队 的 性 质 、 本 色 和 作 风 提 供 可 靠 的 政 治 保 证 Furnishing a reliable political guarantee for maintaining the nature, charcter and work style of the people’s army. 围垦造田 enclose tideland for cultivation; reclaim land from marshes 违反合同 breach of contract 唯利是图 draw water to one's mill 唯一致命的弱点 Achilles' heel 维护人权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation 伪君子 hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing 伪劣商品赔还法 lemon law 卫冕冠军 defending champion 卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion 卫星城 satellite town 卫星导航 satellilte navigation 慰安妇 comfort woman 温饱工程 Adequate Food and Clothing Program 温饱工程 bring-warmth fill-bellies project 温室气体 greenhouse gases 文化产业 culture industry 文化底蕴 cultural deposits 文化旅游 culture-oriented travel 文科 liberal arts 文联 literary federation 文明街道 model community 文韬武略 military expertise; military strategy 纹身 tattoo 稳定物价 stabilize prices 稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority 问讯处 information office; inquiry desk 我们在国际上说话是算数的 We always live up to our international commitments. 乌拉圭回合 Uruguay Round 乌龙球 own goal

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污染指数 pollution index 污水处理 sewage treatment/ disposal 屋顶花园 broof garden 屋漏又逢连阴雨 Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours. 无风不起浪 There are no waves without wind. There's no smoke without fire. 无氟冰箱 Freon-free refrigerator 无公害蔬菜 "green" vegetable 无力偿付的公司 insolvent corporation 无人售票 self-service ticketing 无绳来电显示电话 ordless telephone with caller ID 无土栽培 soil-less cultivation 无 为 而 治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference 无息贷款 interest-free loan 无线应用协议 WAP(wireless application protocol) 无形资产 intangible assets 无形资产 intangible assets; immaterial property 无源雷达 passive radar 无源之水,无本之木 water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots 无中生有 make/create something out of nothing 五保户 household enjoying the five guarantees (childless and infirm old persons who are guarateed food, clothing, medical care, housing and burial expenses) 五讲四美三热爱 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals. The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment. The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.) 五金化工 metals and chemicals 五项国家科学技术奖励 national engineering research centers 武侠小说 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel 武装力量 The Armed Forces 物价局 Price Bureau 物流 logistics; the interflow of goods and materials 物业公司 property management company 物业公司 property management company 物业管理 estate management, property management 物以类聚,人以群分 Birds of a feather flock together. 物质文明 material progress 物质文明建设和精神文明建设一起抓 pay attention to ethical as well as material progress 物种起源 origin of species 夕阳产业 sunset industry 西部大开发 Western Development 西电东送 transmission of electricity from the western to the eastern region

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西电东送 transmit the electricity from the western areas to East China; West-East electricity transmission project 西气东输 transmit the natural gas from the western areas to East China; West-East natural gas transmission project 吸取世界文明成果 assimilate the achievements of civilzations the world over 吸收存款 deposit taking 吸收游资 absorb idle fund 希望工程 Hope Project 息事宁人 pour oil on troubled waters 稀缺经济 scarcity economy 洗礼 baptism 洗钱 money laundering 喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear 细菌战 germ war 下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...) 下岗职工 laid-off workers 下岗职工基本生活费 subsistence allowances for laid-off workers 下海 plunge into the commercial sea 下网 off line 下游行业 downstream industry 下载(计算机) downloading 夏至 Summer Solstice 先入为主 First impressions are firmly entrenched. 先下手为强 catch the ball before the bound 闲散资金 scattered funds 嫌贫爱富 despise the poor and curry favor with the rich 险胜 "cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out" 县改市 county upgraded to city 县级市 county-level city 现场直播 live broadcast 现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system 现货交易 cash market transactions; spot transactions 现金流量 cash flow 现身说法 warn people by taking oneself as an example 现役部队 Forces in active service 线下商贸运作 offline business operation 限制战略武器会谈 strategic arms limitation talks( SALT) 宪法修正案 amendments to the Constitution 乡统筹,村提留 fees paid by farmers for overall township planning and village reserve 乡镇企业 township enterprises 香波 shampoo 香港明天更好基金会 Better Hong Kong Foundation 香港特别行政区 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region(HKSAR) 香格里拉 Shangri-la

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香榭里舍大街 avenue des champs-elyses 享乐主义 hedonism 向钱看 "mammonism, put money above all" 向三军一体、军民兼容、*战结合的方向发展 The system will be further developed into one that integrates the three armed services, unites the army with the people, and combines peacetime and wartime footing. 项目立项 approve and initiate a project 项目申报 project application 项目预算 project budget 项目支持 project support 像热锅上的蚂蚁 like an ant on a hot pan 削减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START) 宵夜 a stoke of midnight 消费结构 pattern of consumption 消费税 consumption tax 消费信贷 consumer credit services 消费者权益日 International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests 消费者物价指数 consumer price index 消费者协会 consumers' association 销售景气指数 sales index 销项税 output tax 小巴 minibus 小道消息 hearsay 小而全 small and all-inclusive 小金库 a private coffer 小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity 小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family 小农经济 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming 小时工 hourly worker 小型核武器 Mini-nukes 小组讨论 panel discussions/group discussions 效率优先,兼顾公* give priority to efficiency with due consideration to fairness 效益工资 achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits 效益农业 profitable agriculture 校训 school motto 校园数字化 campus digitalization 校园文化 campus culture 协调世界时 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) 邪恶轴心 axis of evil 邪教 heathendom 斜拉索桥 stayed-cable bridge 写真集 photo album 心理素质 psychological quality 心想事成 May all your wish come true

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心心相印, 精神感应 telesthesia 心照不宣 have a tacit understanding; give tacit consent; tacit understanding 新宠 new favorite 新的经济增长点 new point for/ sources of economic growth 新干线 "the Shinkansen, bullet train" 新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean 新婚市场(指买卖兴旺的市场) bridal market 新石器时代 the Neolithic Age; New Stone Age' 新网通 new Netcom 新闻出版 the press and publishing 新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation 新兴市场 emerging market 新秀 "up-and-coming star, rising star" 信贷支持 credit aid 信得过产品 trustworthy product 信 息 产 业 部 电 信 管 理 局 Telecommunication Management Bureau of Ministry of Information Industry 信息港 inforport; cyber port 信息高地 information highland 信息高速公路 information superhighway 信息革命 information revolution 信息含量 information content 信息化 informationize 信息化带动工业化,工业化促进信息化 use IT to propel industrialization, which will, in turn, stimulate IT application 信息检索 information retrieval 信用紧缩 credit crunch 信用危机 credit crisis 信用文化 credit culture 星火计划 Spark Program 星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times 星球大战计划 Star Wars Program 刑法 penal code; criminal law 行使否决权 exercise the veto 行头 theatrical costumes (and paraphernalia) 行政审批制度 administrative approval system 行政诉讼 administrative proceedings 形成全方位、多层次、宽领域的开放格局 form an all-directional, multi-layered and wide-ranging opening pattern 形而上学 metaphysics 形式主义 formalism 形势逼人,不进则退 Given this pressing situation, we must move forward ,or we will fall behind. 形象小姐 / 先生 image representative of a product or a brand

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形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand 幸存者 survivors 性别歧视 sexual/gender discrimination 性价比 cost performance 虚开增值税发票 write false value added tax invoices 虚拟存款 window-dressing deposits 虚拟网 virtual net 虚拟银行 virtual bank 虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后 Modesty helps one go forward, whereas conceit makes one lag behind. 许可证制度 license granting mechanisms 序列 Order of battle 蓄势而发 accumulate strength for a take-off 悬而未决的问题 outstanding question 选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected 选举人票 electoral vote 选举人制 electoral system 选美 beauty contest 学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career 学分 credit points 学历教育 education with record of formal schooling 学生处 students' affairs division 学生减负 alleviate the burden on students 学时 credit hours 学位授权体系 the academic degree authorization system 熏青鱼,转移注意力的话,证券说明书,证券销售书 a red herring 寻呼台 paging centers 寻呼小姐 operators who work with paging centers 巡航导弹 cruise missile 巡回医疗 medical tour 巡回招聘 milk round 循序渐进 step by step 徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends 徇私舞弊 bend the law for personal gain and engage in fraud 压水花技术 rip entry 压线(口令) Line! 压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program 鸦片战争 Opium War 亚健康 subhealthy 亚太经合组织部长级会议 AMM (APEC MinisteriaI Meeting) 亚太经合组织工商 咨询理事会会议 ABAC Meeting (APEC Business Advisory Council Meeting) 亚太经合组织经济领导人会议 AELM (APEC Economic Leaders Meeting)

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亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议 IAELM (Informal APEC Economic Leaders' Meetings) 亚太经济合作组织 APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) 亚洲金融危机 financial crisis in Asia 亚洲开发银行 ADB(Asian Development Bank ) 严打措施 "Strike-Hard"" drive " 严打斗争 "Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities" 严以律己,宽以待人 be strict with oneself and lenient towards others 言情小说 romantic fiction; sentimental novel 沿海经济开发区 open coastal economic area 研究成果 research results 研究生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree's diploma 研究生成绩考试(美) Graduate Record Examination (GRE) 眼前利益服从长远利益,局部利益服从整体利益,个人和集体利益服从国家利益 subordinate immediate interests to long-term interests, partial interests to overall interests and the interests of individuals and collectives to those of the state 演绎版 demo 羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall 阳春(最经济方式) no-frills 洋务运动 Westernization Movement 养老保险 endowment insurance 养老保险制度/医疗保险制度/失业保险制度/城市居民最低生活保险制度 Basic old-age pension system/medical insurance system/unemployment insurance system/subsistence allowances for urban residents 养老金 pension 养路费 road toll 摇钱树 cash cow 摇头丸 dancing outreach 药物检查 "dope control, drug testing" 野猫战斗机 Tomcat 野生动物园 wildlife park; safari park 野战食品 combat rations 野战站台车 Mobile Platform 业内人士 insider 业主 home owner 液晶显示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD) 一次性解决问题 solve the problem once and for all 一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks 一次性用品 disposable goods 一大二公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature 一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility 一帆风顺 Wishing you every success

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一方有难,八方支援 When disaster struck, help came from all sides. 一个中心,两个基本点 one central task, two basic points 一国两制 "One country, two systems" 一级戒备 highest alert 一级市场 primary market 一揽子(计划) one-package (plan) 一揽子购买 lump-sum purchase; basket purchase 一切向钱看 money-oriented 一式两联 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate 一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革开放, 一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption. 一线员工 worker at the production line 一言既出,驷马难追 A real man never goes back on his words. 一支接一支不停地抽烟 chain smoke 伊斯兰抵抗运动,简称 Hamas 医疗保险 medical insurance 医疗改革 health care reform 医疗制度改革 reform of the medicare system 依法治国 manage state affairs according to law; run state affairs according to law 依法治国,以德治国 Run the country by combining the rule of law with the rule of virtue 移动电话双向收费 two-way charges for cellular phones 移动通讯 mobile communication 遗传工程 genetic engineering 以......为龙头 with...as the leading role 以产定人,减员增效 employ workers in accordance with production needs and increase efficiency while reducing the staff 以讹传讹 incorrectly relay an erroneous message 以法治国,以德治国 to govern the country with law and moral 以 高新 技术 产业 为先 导 to bring about an industrial pattern with high and new technology industries as the leader. 以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side 以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction 以空间换取时间 trade space for time 以理服人 persuade through reasoning 以谋略制胜 outmaneuver 以权谋私 abuse of power for personal gains 以人为本 Put people and their prosperity at the forefront people oriented 以上海浦东开发开放为龙头,进一步开放长江沿岸城市 open more cities along the

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Yangtze River, while concentrating on the development and opening of the Pudong Area of Shanghai 以身作则,廉洁奉公 set a good example and perform duties honestly 以市场为导向 market-oriented 以眼还眼,以牙还牙 an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth 以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products 以质量求生存、求发展、求效益 "strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of quality" 以资证明 in witness whereof; in testimony thereof 以自力更生、自主创新为主,并积极借鉴国外先进技术发展武器装备 The PLA persists in stressing self-reliance and independent innovation, and actively develops military equipment with advanced foreign technology. 义和团运动 Boxer Uprising 义务兵役制 "compulsory military service, conscription" 义务教育 compulsory education 义演 benefit performance; charity performance 义演收入 proceeds from benefit performance 议案 bill 异地资金汇划 fund remittance between different places 易爆发战争的地区 war-prone areas 易拉罐 pop can 意大利粉 spaghetti 意外风险 emergency risk; unknown risk 意向书 letter of intent 溢价 premium 溢价发行债券(以超过票面金额价发行债券) issue of bonds at a premium 薏米 seed of Job's tears 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude 因地制宜,合理分工,各展所长,优势互补,共同发展的原则 proceed in the light of local conditions and in accordance with a rational division of labor, with all the regions exploiting their own parricular advantages for mutual benefit and development 因地制宜,因时制宜,因事制宜,因人制宜 suit our measures to differing conditions in terms of locality, time, issue and persons involved 因果报应 karma 因特网服务提供者 Internet service provider (ISP) 音频点播 AOD (audio-on-demand) 银弹外交 money diplomacy; dollar diplomacy; "silver bullet" diplomacy 银行网点 bank outlets 引渡 extradite 引进技术 introduction of foreign talents; import of foreign talents 饮食装备 feeding equipment 隐形飞机 stealth aircraft 隐形轰炸机 stealth bomber

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隐形就业 hidden employment 隐形牧人 invisible income; off-payroll income 隐性就业 unregistered employment 隐性失业 recessive unemployment 隐性收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money 印花税 stamp duty / tax 应急救援能力和自我发展能力 Emergency rescue and self-improvement. 应届毕业生 this year's graduates 应试教育 examination-oriented education system 英国文化委员会 British Council of Culture 英雄所见略同 Great minds think alike. 婴儿死亡率 infant mortality rate 营销管理 marketing management 营养不良 malnutrition 营业税 turnover tax; business tax 赢利能力 profitability 影子内阁 shadow cabinet 硬道理 "absolute principle, top priority" 硬通货 hard currency 永久正常贸易关系 permanent normal trading relations (PNTR) 用发展的办法来解决前进中的问题 solve problems cropping up on our way forward through development. 优化结构 optimize structure 优化经济结构 optimize the economic structure 优化资源配置 optimize the allocation of resources 优化组合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping 优惠贷款 loans on favorable terms 优胜劣汰 survival of the fittest 优势互补 (of two countries or companies) have complementary advantages 优质名牌商品 famous-brand, quality products 忧 患 意 识 awareness of unexpected development; being prepared for unexpected development; being prepared for any eventualities 由传统练兵方式向科技练兵转变 from conventional training to one featuring new technology 犹太人定居点 Jewish settlement 邮递协议 Post Office Protocol (POP) 游乐场过山车 roller coaster 游资 idle money / fund; floating capital 友好城市 sister cities 友好大使 the Goodwill Ambassador 有法可依,有法必依,执法必严,违法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and lawbreakers must be prosecuted. 有个奔头 have something to look forward to; have somehthing to expect 有机农业 organic agriculture

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有理,有利,有节 on just grounds, to one's advantage and with restraint; with good reason, with advantage and with restraint 有理想、 有道德、 有文化、 有纪律 "with lofty ideals, integrety, knowledge and a strong sense of discipline" 有钱能使鬼推磨 Money makes the mare go. Money talks. 有情人终成眷属 "Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well." 有识之士 people of vision 有望夺金者 a gold medal hopeful 有线通 cable modem 有勇无谋 use brawn rather than brain 有缘千里来相会 Separated as we are thousands of miles apart, we come together as if by predestination. 有战斗力、有说服力、有吸引力的思想工作队伍 a contingent of militant ideological workers able to persuade and act as a magnet for others 有中国特色的社会主义道路 road of socialism with Chinese characteristics 有中国特色的社会主义民主政治 a socilalist democracy with Chinese characteristics 幼稚工业 infant industry 鱼米之乡 a land of milk and honey 瑜迦 Yoga 舆论导向 direction of public opinion 舆论导向 direction of public opinion 舆论监督 supervision by public opinion 与国际惯例接轨 become compatible with internationally accepted practices 与国际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market 与时俱进 advance with the times 与时俱进、 开拓创新, 适应国际局势和军事领域的深刻变化 The PLA persists in advancing with the times, breaking new ground and making innovations, keeping pace with profound changes in the international situation and the military field 语音识别 speech recognition 育龄妇女 women of child-bearing age 预备役 Reserve forces 预 防 为 主 , 谁 污 染 谁 治 理 和 强 化 环 境 管 理 三 大 政 策 three major principles for environment control: to put prevention first, to hold those who cause pollution responsible for cleaning up and to improve environmental protection and management 预期寿命 life expectancy 预算外收入 extra-budgetary revenue 预算外支出 off-budget expenditure 域名(计算机) domain name (DN) 欲穷千里目,更上一层楼 "to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight." 欲速则不达 Haste does not bring success. 鹬蚌相争, 渔人得利 "when the snip and the calm grapple, it is the fisherman who stands

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to benefit; two dogs strive for a bone, and a third runs away with it" 冤家宜解不宜结 Better make friends than make enemies. 冤 假 错案 "cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases" 元宵节 Lantern Festival 原产地保护 protection of place of origin 原始股 original issue stock 原始性创新初见成效 Efforts to promote original innovations have paid off 原始性创新能力 Original innovation capacity 原始资本 original capital 原油 crude oil 圆寂 Parinirvana 圆桌会议 round-table conference 援藏干部 cadres sent to support/aid Tibet 缘分 chemical, (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together 远程办公的员工 telecommuting workers 远程教育 distance learning 远景规划 perspective long-term plan 远景计划 long-term development targets 远期合同 forward contract 跃居世界前列(产量) (output) leap into the front ranks of the world 越境污染 trans-frontier pollution 运球 dribble 运输机 cargo planes 运载火箭 carrier rocket 晕菜 numbed; dumbfounded 灾民 flood victims; flood-stricken people 宰(客) to swindle money out of our customers 宰人 rip off 载人航天 Manned spaceship 载人卫星 manned satellite 再贷款 re-lending; subloan 再就业服务中心 re-employment service center 再就业工程 re-employment project / program 再生纸 recycled writing paper 在孵(孵化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator) 在途资金 fund in float 在线(计算机) on-line 在线网上书店 online bookstore 在职博士生 on-job doctorate 在职研究生 on-job postgraduates 在字面上兜圈子 festoons of words 赃款赃物 proceeds of crime 脏弹 dirty bomb

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糟粕 dross 早恋 puppy love 早市 morning session 造假帐 falsified accounts 造就一支适应国防科技工业发展需要的专业配套、 结构合理、 素质精良的人才队伍 to bring up talented people and create a well-structured contingent of high-caliber people in a whole array of disciplines needed for the development of defense-related science, technology and industry. 造林运动 afforestation drive (campaign) 噪声治理 noise abatement 责任编辑 editor in charge 增发股票 increase issues in stocks 增 加 信 任 , 减 少 麻 烦 ,发展 合 作 , 不 搞 对 抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation 增强全民国防观念 Enhance the popular awareness of national defense 增强人民体质 build up people's health 增强忧患意识,居安思危 Must be mindful of the potential danger and stay prepared against adversities in times of peace. 增强忧患意识和使命感 a sense of urgency and duty 增收节支 increase revenue and reduce expenditure 增值税 value added tax(VAT) 渣打银行 The Chartered Bank 斋月(伊斯兰教) Ramadan/ month of fast 债台高筑 become debt-ridden 债转股 debt-to-equity swap 沾光 benefit from one's association 占便宜 profit at others' expense 占着茅坑不拉屎 be a dog in the manger 战 场 向 陆 、 海 、 空、 天、 电 多 维 空 间 发 展 It has stretched the battlefield into multidimensional space which includes the land, sea, air, outer space and electron. 战斗勤务保障 Undertakes the tasks of performing combat readiness support 战俘 prisoner of war (POW) 战俘营 prisoner-of-war (POW) camp 战斧式巡航导弹 Tomahawk cruise missile 战略防御计划 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) 战略核导弹部队 The strategic nuclear missile force 战略伙伴关系 strategic partnership 战勤作业车 Combat Service Vehicle 战 争 形 态 正 向 信 息 化 方 向 发 展 The form of war is becoming increasingly information-oriented. 站得住脚 hold water 站票 standing-room-only ticket 站台票 platform ticket 涨落线 advance balance line

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掌上电脑 palm computer 招标 invite a bid 招标投标制 the system of public bidding for project 招* Money and treasures will be plentiful 招股说明书 prospectus 招牌菜 signature dishes 招商局 China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (China Merchants) 招商引资 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas) 招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office 召之即来 Be always ready to respond to the call. 折旧费 depreciation charge 折衷方案 a compromise proposal 侦察飞机 surveillance plane 侦察航空兵 reconnaissance units 珍爱之人或物 apple of one's eyes 珍稀濒危植物 rare or endangered species 真空包装 vacuum packing 真善美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty 振兴经济 revitalize the economy 振兴中华 make China powerful and strong; revitalize the Chinese nation 震感 seismaesthesia, feel of the earthquake(tremor) 震级 earthquake magnitude 震区 seismic zone 震源 focus (of an earthquake), seismic origin 震中 epicenter 震中烈度 epicentral intensity 震中区 epicentral area 争端解决机构 dispute settlement body 争议地区 disputed area 正气 uprightness; integrity; probity; rectitude 正式会计师 Certified Public Accountant (CPA) 正式照会 formal note 证券化 securitisation 证券监督管理委员会 securities supervision commission 证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange 政策倾斜 policy support 政策性贷款 policy-based lending; policy-related loan 政策性亏损 policy-related losses; losses incurred due to policy decisions 政策性住房 "policy-related house, policy-based house" 政策银行 policy banks 政策组合 policy mix 政法委 politics and law committee 政府采购 government procurement 政府搭台,部门推动,企业唱戏 "Governments set up the stage, various departments

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cooperate and enterprise put in the show. " 政府干预 government intervention 政府工作报告 government work report 政府廉洁高效 a clean and efficient government 政府上网工程 Government Online Project 政府特殊津贴获得者 winner of special government allowance 政府贴息贷款 discount government loans 政府职能转变 transform/shift the government functions 政改方案(英国对香港) constitutional package 政 企 不 分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up 政企分开 separate government functions from enterprise management 政务公开 make government affairs public 政治合格,军事过硬,作风优良, 纪律严明,保障有力 "be qualified politically and competent militarily, have a fine style of work, maintain strict discipline and be assured of adequate logistical support" 政治合格、军事过硬、作风优良、纪律严明、保障有力的总要求 in compliance with the general requirements of being qualified politically and competent militarily and having a fine style of work, strict discipline and adequate logistic support. 政治迫害 political persecution; witch hunt 政治体制改革 political restructuring 政 治 协 商 、 民 主 监 督 、 参 政 议 政 exercise political consultation and democratic supervision and participate in deliberating and administration of state affairs 支付能力 payment capacity 支原体 mycoplasma 支柱产业 pillar / cornerstone industry 知己知彼,百战不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat. 知识产权 intellectual property 知识创新工程 Knowledge Innovation Program (KIP) 知识经济 knowledge economy , knowledge-base economy 知识经济 knowledge-based economy 知识就是力量 Knowledge is power. 知识密集 knowledge-intensive 知识转让 transfer of knowledge 知识资本 knowledge capital 执法人员 law enforcement officials; law-executor; law enforcer 执勤 Perform guard duty 直播 "live broadcast, live telecast" 直接道歉 a straight-out apology 直接三通与双向交流 three direct links (mail, air and shipping services and trade) and bilateral exchanges 直接选举 direct election 直辖市 municipality directly under the Central Government

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直销 direct marketing; door-to-door sale 职称 professional title 职能转换 transformation of functions 职务犯罪 crime by taking advantage of duty 职业高中(职高) vocational high school 职业介绍所 career service center; job center 职业经理人 professional manager 职业培训 job training 植物群落 plant community 植物人 human vegetable; vegetable 只读存储器 read-only-memory (ROM) 纸包不住火 Truth will come to light sooner or later. 纸上谈兵 be an armchair strategist 制海权 command of the sea 制空权 air space control; air supremacy; command of the air; air mastery; air domination 制止外汇流失 prevent foreign exchange flight 治国必先治党,治党务必从严 to run the state well, we must run the Party well first. 治 理 整 顿 improve the environment and rectify the order; improvement and rectification 质量管理 quality control 质量认证体系认证证书 certificate of the system of quality certification 质量守恒定律 law of conservation of mass 致命要害 Achilles' heel 掷钱猜先 toss 智力引进 recruit / introduce (foreign) talents 智力支持 intellectual support 智囊团、思想库 the brain trust;think tank 智商 intelligence quotient (IQ) 滞后影响 lagged effect 滞销商品 unmarketable goods 中程导弹 intermediate-range missile; medium-range missile 中东和*进程 the Middle East peace process 中关村科技园区 Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park 中国长征系列运载火箭 The “Long March” series of carrier rockets. 中国出口商品交易会(广交会) China Export Commodities Fair (Guangzhou Fair) 中国工程院 the Chinese Academy of Engineering 中 国 坚 持 与 邻 为 善 、 与 邻 为 伴 , 不 断 加 强 区 域 合 作 China persists in building a good-neighborly relationship and partnership with its neighbors and strengthens regional cooperation constantly. 中国结 Chinese knot 中国经济景气监测中心 China Economic Monitoring Center 中国人民解放军 The Chinese People’s Liberation Army 中国人民解放军后勤装备条例 The Regulations on the Logistic Equipment of the PLA

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中国人民解放军军事训练条例 the Regulations on Military Training o the PLA 中国人民解放军文职干部条例 The Regulations on Non-Ranking Officers of the PLA 中国人民解放军战役装备保障纲要 the Outline of Operational Equipment Support of the PLA 中国人民解放军政治工作条例 the Regulations on the Political Work of the PLA 中国人民解放军驻香港部队干部轮换暂行规定 the Interim Provisions on the Rotation of Cadres of the PLA Garrison in Hong Kong. 中国人民解放军装备条例 The Regulations on Armaments of the PLA 中国人民解放军装备维修工作条例 The Regulations on Armaments Maintenance Work of the PLA 中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会 (简称 全国政协) National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) 中国实行积极防御军事战略, 在战略上坚持防御、 自卫和后发制人的原则 China implements a military strategy of active defense. Strategically, China pursues a principle featuring defense operations, self-defense and attack only after being attacked. 中国始终奉行防御性的国防政策 China has consistently pursued a national defense policy that is defensive in nature. 中国新经济峰会 China New Economy Summit 中国新闻出版报社 China Press and Publication News 中国沿海专属经济区 China's exclusive economic waters 中国预防医学科学院 the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine 中国证监会 China's Securities Regulatory Commission 中国政协委员 member of the National Committee of CPPCC 中华人民共和国兵役法 The Military Service Law of the PRC 中华人民共和国国防教育法 The National Defense Education Law of the PRC 中华人民共和国国防科学技术工业委员会 The Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense of the PRC 中华人民共和国纪律条令 Discipline Regulations of the PLA 中华人民共和国军事设施保护法实施办法 Measures for the Law of the PRC on Protecting Military Facilities 中华人民共和国内务条令 Routine Service Regulations of the PLA 中华人民共和国人民防空法 the Civil Air Defense Law 中华人民共和国渔政渔港监督管理局 Administration of Fishery and Fishing Harbor Supervision of the PRC 中华人民共和国预算法 The Budget Law of the PRC 中华世纪坛 China Millennium Monument 中华医学会 Chinese Medical Association 中介 intermediary agent 中立国 neutralized state 中流砥柱 mainstay; chief cornerstone 中美战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other 中日友好四项原则: 和*友好,*等互利,互相信赖,长期稳定 The four principles of Sino-Japanese friendship: peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, mutual

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trust, and long-term stability 中山装 Chinese tunic suit 中式快餐 Chinese fast food 中文信息处理系统 Chinese information processing system 中心环节 key link 中型商用飞机 mid-size G200 business jets 中央大型企业工委 Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises 中央国家机关 China's State organs 中央纪律检查委员会 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC 中央经济工作会议 the Central Economic Working Conference 中央军委 The Central Military Commission (CMC) 中央领导集体 central collective leadership 中央商务区 central business district (CBD) 中央统战部 United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee 中央综治委“严打”整治斗争检查组 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security. 中药 traditional Chinese medicine 中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student 终点控制区 terminal control area 终端服务器 terminal server 终身学* life-long education 终身职务制 life-long tenure 终审权 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval 种植业 crop farming 众口难调 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.; One man's meat is another man's poison. 众矢之的 target of public criticism 重大科研项目 Major scientific projects 重点发展 prioritize 重合同,守信用 abide by contracts and keep one's words; honor credit and promise 重合同、守信用的原则 the principle of equality and mutual benefit and “honoring contracts adn standing by reputation“ 重视和*利用军工技术 Stress the peaceful use of military industrial technology 重要战略机遇期 Period of important strategic opportunities 重要作战样式 an important pattern of operations 重灾区 the harder-hit area 重中之重 should be given primary importance among priorities 洲际弹道导弹 intercontinental ballistic missiles 珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Qomolangma 诸边协议 plurilateral agreement 主板市场 main board of the stock market 主办 2008 年奥运会 host the 2008 Olympic Games 主持人 anchorperson 主渠道 main channel

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主权豁免 sovereign immunity 主体经济 the mainstay of the economy 主体思想 (DPRK) Juche Idea 主页 home page 住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation 住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments) 住宅小区 residence community 助跑 "approach run, run-up" 助学行动 activity to assist the impoverished students 注册会计师 certificated public accountant (CPA) 注册资本 registered capital 驻港部队 People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong 抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves 抓 大 放 小 , 三 改 一 加 强 (Efforts were focused on) the reform, reorganization, upgrading and better management of enterprises, aiming at well managing large enterprises while adopting more flexible policies toward small ones 抓住机遇 seize the opportunity 抓住机遇,深化改革,扩大开放,促进发展,保持稳定 seize the current opportunity, deepen the reform, open China wider to the outside world, promote development and maintain stability 专访 exclusive interview 专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store 专门的营销机构 market boards 专门人才 professional personnel; special talents 专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study 专题报道 special coverage 专业化分工 division of labor based on specialization 专业化经营 specialized operation 专用物资供应和专用勤务保障由军兵种按建制系统组织实施 special material supply and service support are provided by the services and arms through their organic channels. 专属经济区 exclusive economic zone 转轨 transfer to a different track; retracking 转轨经济 economies in transition; transition economy 转化机制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms 转基因生物 GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) 转基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food) 转配股 transferred allotted shares 转世灵童 reincarnated soul boy 转体 truck rotation, turn, twist 转业 transferred to civilian work

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转业复员干部 Demobilized officers 转移支付 transfer payment 撞线 breast the tape 追潮族 fashion follower 追车族 auto fan 追赶型和跨越式发展 pursuant and leap-forward development 追究责任 call to account; ascertain where the responsibility lies 追* produce the equalizer 追星族 star fan; groupie 坠落的残骸、碎片 falling debris 准备金 reserve fund; capital reserves 准博士 all but dissertation (ABD) 准上市公司 pro-listed companies 资本额过多 overcapalisation 资本利润率 rate of return on capital 资本外逃 capital flight 资不抵债 insolvency 资 产 保 值 增 值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value 资产剥离 peel off (bad) assets of a company 资产调控 assets control 资产负债表 balance sheet 资产阶级自由化 bourgeois liberalization 资产重组 reorganized assets; assets reorganization 资金到位 fully funded (project) 资金划拨 capital allocation 资金汇划 fund remittance and transfer 资源配置 allocation of resources 资源优化配置 most optimum distribution of resources 姊妹楼, 又称双子座, 美国世贸中心的主要建筑 twin towers 自动柜员机 automatic teller machine (ATM) 自发罢工,野猫式罢工(未经工会批准的罢工) wildcat strikes 自费留学 go to study abroad at one's own expense 自律机制 the self-discipline system 自谋职业/自主创业 Find jobs on one's own/to become self-employed 自然保护区 natural reserve; nature preservation zone 自然耗损 natural wearing 自然资源保护区 natural resource protection areas 自我保护意识 self-protection awareness 自学成才 become well-educated through self-study 自学考试 self-taught examination 自营 self-run 自营性存款 self-operating deposit 自由港 free-trade port,free port

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自由竞争 free competition 自由流通 free flow 自由贸易区 free-trade zone 自由职业者 professionals 自治权 right ti autonomy; autonomy 自主经营,自负盈亏 make one's own management decisions and take full responsibility for one's own profits and losses 自助银行 self-help bank 自足经济 self-sufficient economy 自作自受 stew in one’s own juice 综合国力 Overall national strength 综合经济效益 overall economic efficiency; composite economic results 综合授信 comprehensive credit line 综合素质 comprehensive quality 综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN) 综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN) 综合整治 comprehensive improvement 综合指数 composite index 综合治理 comprehensive treatment 总裁助理 assistant president 总参谋部 The General Staff Heaequarters 总后勤部关于实行军队后勤保障社会若干问题的意见 the General Logistics Department’ s Opinions on Some Issues Concerning the Socialization of Military Logistic Support 总经理负责制 general manager responsibility system 总政治部 The General Political Department 总装备部 The General Armaments Department 走出一条科技含量高、经济效益好、资源消耗低、环境污染少、人力资源优势得到充分发挥 的 新 型 工 业 化 路 子 to blaze a new trail to industrialization featuring high scientific and technological content, good economic returns, low resources consumption, little environmental pollution and a full display of advantages in human resources. 走过场 go through the motions 走后门 get in by the back door 走上良性发展的轨道 going on the track of sound progress 走穴 "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to " 走中国特色的精兵之路 The Chinese military persists in taking the road of fewer but better troops with Chinese characteristics. 组委会 organizing committee 祖传 handed down from one's ancestors 祖国和*统一大业 peaceful reunification of the motherland 最不发达国家 LDCs (Least-developed countries) 最初谈判权(初谈权) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights) 最低工资保障制度 minimum wage guarantee system

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最低生活保证制度 system for ensuring a minimum standard of living 最后的投票 make the final vote 最惠国待遇 most-favored-nation status 最终用户 end user 尊重世界多样性,促进国际关系民主化 we need to respect the diversity of the world, promote democracy in international relations. 遵纪守法、廉洁奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties 左倾 pinko 左右为难 between the devil and the deep blue sea; between the rock and the hard place 作训鞋 training shoes 坐视不管 sit idle

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