高考英语一轮复* Module 2 The Renaissance A Job Worth Doing名师课件 外研版必修5_图文

发布于:2021-05-12 22:23:55

Module 2 A Job Worth Doing

第一板块 重点单词 1. offer vi. (主动)提出(愿意做某事); 提议; 给予, 提供
提供某物给某人
offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 offer sb. money for sth. 出价买某物

(2)make an offer 提议; 出价; 提供 accept one’s offer 接受某人的建议

【即时训练】 ①At the beginning, when friends offered _to__ta_k_e_(take) her through her paces, I declined because I knew they had their own households to deal with. (填空)

完成句子 ②It was pouring with rain so I _a_c_ce_p_t_e_d__h_is__o_ff_e_r of a lift. 正在下倾盆大雨, 所以我接受了他的搭便车的建议。 ③Tom’s friend _o_f_fe_r_e_d__h_im__a__v_e_r_y_g_o_o_d__jo_b_, but he turned it down. 汤姆的朋友给他提供了一份很好的工作, 但他拒绝了。

【易混辨析】

offer

指主动提供。常构成“offer sb. sth. ; offer sth. to sb. ”结构

提供, 供应, 供给(有用的或必需的物品)。常 provide 构成固定结构“provide sth. for sb. ; provide
sb. with sth. ”

supply

供应, 供给(所需日用品)。常构成固定结构 “supply sth. to sb. ; supply sb. with sth. ”

2. apply v. 申请; 适用; 应用于

(1)apply(to sb. )for (向某人)申请, 请求

apply to

适用于

apply sth. to

把某物运用于

apply oneself to

某人致力于, 集中精力于

be applied to sth. /doing sth. 致力于

(2)application applicant

n. 申请, 应用 n. 申请者, (尤指)求职者

【即时训练】单句语法填空 ①After handing his _a_p_p_l_ic_a_t_io_n_ form to the secretary, the _a_p_p_l_ic_a_n_t_ was directed to office of the general manager. ②I’m writing to apply _f_o_r the position as a student volunteer.

③Now researchers are applying scientific methods _to_ the study of the universality of art. ④(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)I’m applying for a part-time job at a foreign company in my city during the summer vacation. 译: _暑__假__期__间__,_我__在__向__本__市__一__家__外__国__公__司__申__请__一__份__兼__ _职__工__作__。

3. require

vt. 需要; 要求, 命令

(1)require sb. to do sth.

需要某人做某事

require that sb. (should)do sth. 要求某人做某事

require doing/to be done

需要被做

(2)requirement

n. 要求, 需要

meet/satisfy one’s requirement 满足某人的需要

【误区警示】require三点注意 (1)require后接that从句时, 从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语 气, 即should+动词原形, should可以省略。 (2)requirement后面的表语从句和同位语从句中的谓语 用(should+)动词原形。 (3)require作“需要”讲时, 后跟v. -ing主动形式表示被动 含义。类似的词还有need, want, deserve, be worth等。

【即时训练】单句语法填空 ①People also volunteer because they are required _t_o_d_o_(do) so. ②Most house plants require regularly _w_a_t_e_r_in_g_(water).

③She patiently explained all the rules to the students and required everyone to follow them. (句型转换) →She patiently explained all the rules to the students and required that _e_v_e_ry_o_n__e_(_sh_o_u__ld_)_f_o_l_lo_w__t_h_e_m_.

4. demand

n. 要求; 需要 vt. 要求; 需要

(1)meet/satisfy one’s demand(s) 满足某人的需要

in demand(of) 需要(……)

on demand

一经要求

(2)demand to do sth.

要求做某事

demand sth. of sb.

向某人要求某物

demand that. . . (should)+do 要求……

【即时训练】完成句子 ①While thousands of graduates have applied for the position, only a few _a_r_e_in__d_e_m__a_n_d_. 虽然成千上万的毕业生应聘这个职位, 但只需要 几个人。

②Since the earliest civilizations, people have controlled rivers _to__m__ee_t_s_o_c_i_e_ty_’_s_d_e_m__a_n_d_s_. 自从早期文明以来, 人们一直控制水来满足社会 的需要。 ③Science graduates are _in__g_r_e_a_te_r__d_e_m_a_n_d_ than arts ones in China. 在中国, 理科毕业生比文科毕业生需求量大。

【误区点拨】demand误区 demand只能用于demand to do sth. , 不能用于demand sb. to do sth. 。有类似用法的动词还有: hope, refuse, agree等。 *I demanded to go out but the guard demanded that I (should) ask my parents to show me out. 我要求出去, 但门卫要求我让我的父母把我领出去。

第二板块 常考短语句式

1. take up 站好位置以备……; 占据; 拿起; 开始从事;

继续; 养成

take down

记下; 拆掉

take in

吸收; 理解; 欺骗; 包含

take off

起飞; 脱下; 请假

take on 呈现; 雇用 take over 接收; 接管; 取代

【即时训练】写出黑体部分的含义 ①My wife took up her place and was ready to remove the table that took up a lot of space. ( 站好位置; 占据 ) ②This type of influence can also get a friend off drugs,
or to help an adult take up a good habit or drop a bad one. ( 养成 )

完成句子 ③Since I _to_o_k__u_p_ teaching in this school, it has _t_a_k_e_n_o_n_ a new look. 自从我在这所学校从事教育以来, 它呈现出了新面貌。

④As he _to_o_k__o_f_f his coat, he told me that he had been t_a_k_e_n__in_ and bought many unnecessary health care products. 他一边脱衣服一边告诉我他被骗了, 买了很多没有必 要的保健品。

2. in particular (1)particular
be particular about (2)particularly

尤其; 特别 n. 细节, 事项 adj. 特别的, 挑剔的 对……挑剔 adv. 尤其, 特别

【即时训练】完成句子 ①If you work with such _a_p_a_r_t_i_cu__la_r_p__er_s_o_n_, you will suffer. He _is__o_ft_e_n__p_a_r_ti_c_u_la_r__a_b_o_u_t everything. 如果你和这样挑剔的人在一起工作, 你就要遭罪。他 经常对所有的事情挑剔。

②The Chicago people were particularly humorous. (同义句转换) →The Chicago people were _in__p_a_r_t_ic_u_l_a_r humorous.

③(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people. 译: 其他文化群体也许以其他方式运用沉默, _尤__其__是__在__处__理__人__们__之__间__的__矛__盾__时__。

3. take. . . for granted

以为……理所当然

take it for granted that. . . 认为……理所当然(it

是形式宾语)

take. . . seriously

认真对待……

take. . . into account/consideration 考虑

【即时训练】 ①Sometime what _is__ta_k_e_n_(take) for granted could be useful for countries which are looking about to solve common problems. (填空)

完成句子 ②They _to_o_k__it__fo_r__g_ra_n__te_d_ that I would not be good at typing. 他们理所当然地认为我不擅长打字。

③When you _ta_k_e_ your life _s_e_r_io_u_s_l_y, you will _ta_k__e health not wealth _in__to__c_o_n_s_id_e_r_a_t_io_n_. 当你认真对待生活的时候, 你就会考虑健康而不是 财富。

4. in response to (1)response make a/no response (2)respond respond to

作为……的回应 n. 回答, 反应 作出回应/没有回应 vi. 回应, 回答 回答, 对……作出回应

【即时训练】完成句子 ①_I_n__r_e_sp_o_n_s_e__to_ the audience’s great demand, the play will be put on in the theatre twice a week. 应观众的强烈要求, 这部戏将会在这个剧院每周上演 两次。

②—How did she _r_e_s_p_o_n_d_t_o_ your demand? —She _m__a_d_e_n_o__r_es_p_o_n_s_e__to_ it, which made me confused. ——她对你的要求有什么反应? ——她没反应, 这使我感到困惑。

③These comments came in response to specific
questions often asked by local newsmen. 译: _这__些__评__论__是__对__当__地__新__闻__记__者__时__常__提__出__的__各__种__具__体__ _问__题__的__回__应__。__

5. But often they just pass by, _ta_k_i_n_g__th_e__h_u_m__a_n_t_r_a_ff_i_c _s_ig_n_a_l_f_o_r_g_r_a_n_t_e_d_. 但经常他们只是从他身边驶过, 把人体交通标志看成 理所当然的事情。 (1)v. -ing形式作伴随状语时, 强调这一动作和谓语动 作(几乎)同时发生。

(2)v. -ing形式还可作结果状语、条件状语、时间状语 和原因状语等。 (3)如果强调v. -ing形式中的动作发生在谓语动作之前, 常用“having+过去分词”的形式。 (4)v. -ing形式作状语时, v. -ing形式的动词和句子主语 之间是主动关系。

【即时训练】单句语法填空 ①(2016·北京高考)Newly-built wooden cottages line the street, _tu_r_n_i_n_g_(turn) the old town into a dreamland. ②Some riders of e-bikes and bicycles come and go in all directions, _ig_n_o_r_i_n_g_(ignore) traffic lights and other vehicles.

【知识拓展】作伴随状语的6种形式 (1)过去分词形式 The master entered the room, followed by his dog. 主人进了屋, 后面跟着他的狗。

(2)with复合结构 The little girls were playing with snow with their hands frozen red. 小女孩们在玩雪, 手都冻红了。

(3)独立主格结构 The little boy goes to school, the little dog accompanying him every day. 这个小男孩每天去上学, 那条小狗陪伴着他。

(4)形容词(短语) Crusoe went home, full of fear. 克鲁索满怀恐惧地回家了。 (5)名词 He went away a beggar but returned a millionaire. 他讨吃要饭离家, 腰缠万贯返乡。

(6)介词短语 The girl came back to her mother in tears. 这个女孩眼泪汪汪地回到母亲身边。

【要点拾遗】

1. suffer

vi. 遭受(痛苦), 忍受, 经历

(1)suffer damage/loss/pain 遭受损坏/损失/疼痛

suffer from. . . 因……而遭受痛苦; 患……病

(2)suffering

n. 受苦; 苦难

【即时训练】完成句子 ①Tianjin _s_u_f_fe_r_e_d_g_r_e_a_t_l_o_s_s in the August 12 fire. 在“8. 12”火灾中天津遭受巨大损失。

②You’re sleepy all day, but when it’s time for bed, you can hardly fall asleep. Obviously you’re _s_u_ff_e_r_in__g_f_r_o_m_ jet lag. 你白天困, 而晚上却又很难睡着。很显然你在遭受 时差反应的折磨。

2. direct

vt. 指挥, 导演, 指引 adj. 直接的, 径直的

adv. 直接地

(1)direct sb. to someplace 指引某人到某地

direct sb. to do sth.

指引某人做某事

(2)direction

n. 方向; (pl. )说明

in the direction of

朝……方向

(3)director

n. 导演, 指挥

【即时训练】写出黑体部分的词性和含义 ①The first paragraph is intended to direct the public’s attention to the blind. ( vt. 指引, 引导 ) ②Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand. ( adj. 直接的 )

③The director went in the direction of the studio after directing us to make the film. 译: _指__挥__我__们__拍__电__影__后__,_导__演__就__朝__摄__影__棚__的__方__向__去__了__。_


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