5A 词汇、句型整理

发布于:2021-05-12 22:39:30

Unit 1 The first day at school 一、单词 toilet 厕所 garden 花园 swing 秋千 slide 滑梯 house 房子(复:[hausiz]) flower 花 tree 树 cake 蛋糕 grape 葡萄 plate 盘子 table 桌子 again 再一次 二、词组 table tennis room 乒乓室 sports hall 体育活动房 reading room 阅览室 the first day 第一天 new term 新学期 → the first day of the new term 新学期的第一天 one 一 first 第一 two 二 second 第二 three 三 third 第三 all the students 所有的学生 be (am is are) back at school 回学校 happy to see 很高兴看见 each other 互相 glad 高兴的 → glad(nice)to see you 很高兴看见你 a new building 一撞新大楼 a lot of 许多 (many 可数名词 much 不可数名词)→ a lot of rooms 许多房间 how many classrooms 多少教室 in the building 在大楼里 I’m not sure 我不确信 Are you sure? I’m sure 我确信 go and see 去看看 let me see 让我看看 go and have a look 去看一看 go and play there 去那儿玩 good idea 好主意 in the street 在街道上 三、句型 there be 句型 在英语中,将 there is (are)…称之为“存在有” ,即在什么地方有什么东西。 或者有什么人。 肯定句: 可数名词: ①如果有一个物或一个人(单数) ,就用 there is, 如:There is a map on the wall. There is a teacher in the office. ②有两个或两个以上就用 there are. 如:There are three girls in the classroom. There are some books on the desk. ③若既有单数又有复数,根据就*原则: There is a book and two pencils on the desk. 在课桌上有一本书和两支铅笔。 There are two pencils and a book on the desks. 在课桌上有两支铅笔和一本书。 不可数名词: 表示存在的是不可数物质名词(如 水,头发,沙子,面包) 都用 there is: There is some milk in that glass. 但是用容器等可数物质装此类物质则看可将容器物质看做可数 There are three cups of milk on the desks. 上述句型也可将地点状语提前: On the wall there is a map. 一般疑问句: be 动词提前, some 一般改成 any Is there a book on the desk? Is there a teacher in the office? Are there three books on the desk? Are there any books on the desk? Is there any milk in the glass? 一般回答: Yes, there is. // No, there isn’t. (单,不可数)

Yes, there are. // No, there aren’t. (复) 特殊疑问句(数量) How many books are there on the desk? There are three. 复数 三 其他句子 1. It is the first day of the new term. 这是新学期的第一天。 2. They are happy to see each other again. 他们很高兴又能互相看见了。 3. Let’s go and see. 让我们去看看 4. Shall we go and play there? 我们去那玩好吗? 5. There is a glass of milk on the table. 在桌子上有一杯牛奶。 6. The table tennis room is on the second floor. 乒乓室在三楼。 Unit 2 A new house 一、单词 bed 床 sofa 沙发 telephone 电话 lamp 灯 parents 父母亲 live (动词)住 bedroom 卧室 (room 短音) bathroom 浴室(room 短音)study 书房 kitchen 厨房 dining-room 餐室 sitting-room 客厅 mouse 老鼠(复:mice) mouth 嘴(head 头 eye 眼睛 ear 耳朵 nose 鼻 ) 二、词组 the world 世界 her parents 她的父母亲(my your his her) live in a new house 住在一间新房子里(live beside the school 住在学校旁) a large sitting-room 一间大客厅 (*义词:large — big little—small) a map of the world 一张世界地图 under the bed 在床下 a map of China 一张中国地图 behind the door 在门后 on the wall 在墙上 near my shoes 在我鞋子旁边(附*) in the cat’s mouth 在猫的嘴里 the rabbit in the black hat 戴着黑色帽子的兔子 the boy in the tree 在树上的那个男孩 the trees in the garden 在花园里的那些树 in Picture 1 在图一 The boy in the tree 在树上的那个男孩。 (词组) The boy is in the tree 那个男孩在树上。 (句子) 三、句型 there be 句型 特殊疑问句 表示什么地方有什么的问句? What’s in the desk? There is a book. 在课桌里有什么? 有一本书。 (注:What’s that in the desk? It’s a book. 在课桌里那是什么? 是一本书。 ) What’s on the wall? There are some pictures. 在墙上有什么?有些图片。 注:无论回答是否单复数,问句都为单数问 (不能说成 What are on the wall?) 否定句 表示什么地方没有什么东西 There is a book on the desk. 在课桌上有一本书。 There is not a book on the desk. 在课桌上没有一本书。 is not= isn’t There are some books on the desk.. 在课桌上有一些书。 There aren’t any books on the desk. (否定句 some 改用 any) 在课桌上没有一些书。 Here 倒装句 Here’s….for you. → Here’s a lamp for you. 这里有盏灯给你。

Here are some…for you. → Here are some balls for you. 这里有些球给你。 A: There are not any chairs in the classroom. B: Don’t worry. Here are some chairs for you. 其他句子 1. Yang Ling and her parents live in a new house. 杨玲和她父母亲住在一所新房子里。 Live beside 住在…旁 2. They like the new house very much. 他们很喜欢那新房子。 3. Do you like my house? 你喜欢我的房子吗? Unit 3 At a music lesson

一、单词 sing 唱歌 dance (dancing) 跳舞 swim (swimming)游泳 skate (skating) 滑冰 ski 滑雪 二、词组 make (making) a puppet 做个木偶 play the guitar 弹吉他 play the violin 拉小提琴 make a model plane 做模型飞机 play the piano 弹钢琴 two o’clock 两点钟 in the afternoon 在下午(in the morning, in the afternoon) have a Music lesson 上一堂音乐课 boys and girls 孩子们 sing a song 唱一首歌 listen to the song 听那首歌 follow me 跟着我… sing it together 一起唱 ride a bike 骑自行车 have an ice-cream 吃个冰淇淋 (let’s go to school together ) ride a horse 骑马 put a book on your head 把书放你头上 find him 找到他(宾格) behind the blackboard 在黑板后 under the teacher’s desk 在教师台桌下 after class 课后 you’re right 你是对的 play basketball 打篮球(football, volleyball) 三、句型 can 句型 表示表示某某人的能力,会如何如何 基本句型: 肯定句 人称 + can + 动词原型 否定句 人称 + cannot +动词原型 cannot=can’t 一般疑问句 Can + 人称+ 动词原型? 特殊疑问句 What can + 人称 + 动词原型? 例: ①What can you do? 你会 (做) 什么?→ I can swim. 我会游泳 →I cannot swim → Can you swim? 你会游泳吗?Yes, I can. // No, I can’t. 是的,我会/ 不,我不会。 ②What can he sing? 他会唱什么?→ He can sing “two jackets” 他会唱“两件夹克衫”→ Can he sing “two jackets” 他会唱“两件夹克杉”吗? → Yes, he can. // No, he can’t. 是,他会, 不,他不会。 其他句子 1. It is two o’clock in the afternoon. 现在是下午两点钟。 2. They are having a Music lesson. 他们正在上一节音乐课。 3. Let’s start. 让我们开始吧。 4. Shall we sing the song “ We can sing and dance” now? 我们现在唱“让我们唱歌跳 舞“好吗 5. Where’s Ben? 本在哪? 6. Who can find him? 谁能找到他? 7. We often dance and play basketball after class. 课后我们经常跳舞和打篮球。

Unit 4 Halloween 一、单词 Halloween 万圣节前夕(10.31) family 家庭(复:families) buy 买 party 聚会 tomorrow 明天 need 需要 mask 面具 vase 花瓶 candle 蜡烛 pumpkin 南瓜 chicken 鸡 duck 鸭 horse 马 (house 房子) pig 猪 rabbit 兔子 tiger 老虎 monkey 猴子 sometimes 有时候 Sunday 星期日 cook 烹饪 friend 朋友 doctor 医生 work 工作(job) zebra 斑马 二、词组 in the sitting-room 在客厅 Halloween party 万圣节前夕聚会 buy things 买东西 tomorrow morning 明天上午 need some chocolate 需要些巧克力 how much 多少 (不可数) pumpkin lantern 南瓜灯 eight-seven yuan 八十七元 here’s your change 给你找零 what else 还有什么(anything else)bus driver 公交车司机 on Saturday 在星期六 play table tennis 玩乒乓 our friend 我们的朋友 watch TV 看电视 listen to music 听音乐 tomorrow afternoon 明天下午 三、句型 like (一般现在时)句型 表示个人喜好的句子 基本句型(第三人称单数除外) : 特殊疑问句: What do + 人称代词+ like? 肯定句:人称代词+ like + 名词(同一类东西用名词复数,具体某物看情况单复数) 否定句:人称代词+ don’t + like + 名词(同一类东西用名词复数,具体某物看情况单复数) 一般疑问句:Do …like…? Yes, …do. // No, …don’t. ① What do you like? → I like monkeys. (一类东西视为复数) → Do you like monkeys? Yes, I do.// No, I don’t. ② What do they like? → They like that monkey. (具体某一东西: 单数) Do they like → that monkey? Yes, they do. // No, they don’t. 难点句型 1. They would like to buy things for a Halloween party. 想要(做)… I would like to = I’d like to + 动词 I’d like to watch TV with you. 我想和你看电视。 I’d like + 名词 I’d like 2 hamburgers. 我想要两个汉堡包。 2. How much are they ? They are eight-seven yuan. How much is it? It is eight-seven yuan. (注意单复数) How much is your pencil? It’s 2 yuan. 你的铅笔多少钱? 两元。 3. I have a brother. 我有个兄弟。 has (第三人称单数) 有 4. Sometimes they like cooking. like + doing sth. like watching TV 喜欢看电视 like swimming 喜欢游泳 5. with 和… 后置在后面 Let’s go to school with Mike. 让我们和 Mike 上学。 We like playing table tennis with our friends.我们和我们的朋友喜欢打乒乓。 其他句子 1. They would like to buy things for Halloween party. 他们想为万圣节前夕聚会买些东西。 2. What do they need? 他们需要什么?

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Can I help you? 我能帮助你吗?( 你要点什么?) What else do you need? 你还需要什么? They don’t work on Saturdays and Sundays.他们在星期六和星期日不工作。 (时间状语放后 We like playing table tennis with our friends. 我们喜欢和我们的朋友打乒乓。 He and she are looking at these zebras. 他和她正在看着那些斑马 Unit 6 Doing house

一、单词 stand 站立 sit (sitting) 坐 sleep 睡觉 jump 跳 run (running) 跑 walk 步行,散步 二、词组 clean the window 擦窗户(clean the classroom / clean the door / clean the bike ) sweep the floor 扫地 wash clothes 洗衣服 at home 在家 help me with my Maths 在数学方面帮我→ help him with his English Sunday morning 星期天早晨 this afternoon 今天下午 You’re right 你是对的 You’re wrong 你是错的 make a cake 做蛋糕 come and help me 来帮助我 Listen to music 听音乐 look good 看上去很好 do housework 做家务 三、要点札记 ① do one’s homework. 做作业(do my homework / do your homework.) (做作业要说做谁的作业)和主语保持一致 : Can she do her homework? one's 要随着主语而变化,且要用形容词性的物主代词 My brother is doing his homework. ② How about (1) “ How about Su Yang?”: 在这里 how about 代指上面的问题,类似——And you? (2) How about this red one? 在这里 how about 表示—— 觉得?.如何? How about this afternoon ? ③ 电话用语: Is that Su Hai ? 你是苏海吗? (Is that Su Hai speaking? ) This is Su Hai. / This is Su Hai speaking. 我是苏海。 May I speak to Nancy? 我能请南茜接电话吗? Who’s speaking? 请问你是谁? 四、句型 现在进行时 ——当表示现在正在进行或正在发生的动作时,通常用现在进行时表示。 肯定句 构成: 主语 + be (am / is / are) + 现在分词 V-ing (+ 其他) What are you doing? I am singing. 你在干吗? 我正在唱歌。 What am I doing? You are singing. 我在干吗? 你正在唱歌。 What is he doing? He is singing. 他在干吗? 他正在唱歌。 What are you doing? We are singing. 你们在干吗? 我们正在唱歌。 What are they doing? They are singing. 他们正在干吗? 他们正在唱歌。 What are your parents doing? They are singing. 你父母亲正在干吗?他们正在唱歌。 (2)否定句:Be 动词(am, is, are)后加 not. He is not making cakes. 他不在做蛋糕。 They are not listening to the music. 他们不在听音乐。 (3)一般疑问句:Be 动词提到句首,句号变问号,如 Is he making cakes? 他正在做蛋糕吗? Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Are they cooking now? 他们正在做饭吗? Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

Look! Is a bird flying in the sky? 看!有一只鸟在空中飞吗? 现在分词的构成: (1)一般在动词末尾加 ing,如: think → thinking stand → standing (2) 以不发音字母 e 结尾的动词, 先去掉 e,再加 ing, skate → skating make → making 如 dance → dancing write → writing have → having ride → riding come → coming (3)以重读闭音节结尾的动词,中间只有一个元音字母,词尾只有一个辅音字母,应双写 末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing, 如: put →putting run-running swim → swimming jog → jogging sit → sitting 附: 动词集合: ride watch play skate sing eat write have climb row cook listen work make swim jog buy ski dance drink copy read come go fish do help 注: 一般现在时 与 现在进行时 比较: I have breakfast at about six thirty. 我大约六点三十吃早饭。 I am having breakfast now. 我现在在吃早饭。 Unit 7 After school 一、词组 read a newspaper 读报纸 play chess 下棋 play cards 打牌 play football 踢足球 read a magazine 读杂志 play with a yo-yo 玩溜溜球 basketball 打篮球 read a picture book 看图画书 three o’clock 三点钟 after school 放学后 in the afternoon 在下午 look for 寻找? in the morning 在早上(上午) study in the library 在图书馆学* in the evening 在晚上 clean the study 打扫书房 in the office 在办公室 go to the library 去图书馆 in the library 在图书馆 go and join them 去加入他们行列中 in the kitchen 在厨房里 sit on a football 坐在一个足球上 run after a mouse 追赶一只老鼠 eat the dog’s food 吃狗的食物 dance on the dog’s head 在狗的头上跳舞 play a computer game 玩电脑游戏 Excuse me 对不起 do some washing 洗衣服 cry 哭 —— laugh 笑 classes are over (所有的)课结束了 二、实用词汇运用 1 look for 寻找 —— I’m looking for my father. 我正在找我的爸爸。 Are you looking for your school bag? 你在寻找你的书包吗? find 找到 —— Can you find your English teacher? 你能找到你的英语老师吗? I can’t find my ball, I’m looking for it. 我找不到我的球, 我在找。 2 perhaps 也许,可能—— Is this your bag? No, it isn’t. Perhaps it’s Nancy’s. There’re many students in the playground. Perhaps they’re playing football. 三、句型 现在进行时?一般疑问句 1. Is Wang Bing helping you in the office? 王冰正在办公室里帮你忙吗? 2. Are they playing basketball there? 他们在那打篮球吗? 3. Are you going to the library,too? 你也正要去操场吗? 4. Are they studying in the library? 他们正在图书馆里学*吗?

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5. Is he sitting on a volleyball? 他正坐在一个排球上吗? 6. Are you reading a magazine? 你在读一本杂志吗? 注:比较一般现在时 与 现在进行时: Do you watch TV in the evening? 你晚上看电视吗? Are you watching TV now? 你在看电视吗? 本课其他句子札记 7. It is three o’clock in the afternoon. 现在是下午三点钟。 8. The students are saying goodbye to their teachers.学生们正在向他们的老师说再见。 9. Where are you going? 你正要去哪? 10. Let’s go and join them. 让我们去加入他们的行列。 11. The mouse is sitting under the bed. 那只老鼠正坐在床下。 12. We like the five tigers on the kite. 我们喜欢在风筝上的五只老虎。 13. We are all busy in the evening. 我们在晚上都忙。


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